James Lewis (ed.):Encyclopedic Sourcebook of UFO Religions.

Click on the cover image to order this book from Amazon

James R Lewis (editor). Encyclopedic Sourcebook of UFO Religions. Prometheus Books, 2003.

Reviewed by Peter Rogerson

Worthy but rather dull would, I think, summarize this collection of scholarly and semi-scholarly articles and collections of primary materials about ‘UFO religions’. Despite the obvious ‘religious’ significance of much UFO lore, the concentration, with the exception of a couple of rather weak pieces, is on the usual suspects: the Aetherius Society, the Raelians, Heaven’s Gate, the Unarius cult (surely the only religion which looks as though it was inspired by Liberace), and a couple of recent additions; ‘The True Way’ and ‘The Ground Crew’. Perhaps these organizations are just the ones close enough to accepted notions of what a religion looks like to be the subject of academic study. The suicide of the Heaven’s Gate members clearly makes them a prime object of study. After all everyone is intrigued by something whose membership behaves in such a bizarre and extreme fashion.

The other movements discussed here are rather more tame, though I suspect that the Raelians might have the capacity to produce some very sinister splinter groups given time. There are detailed studies of their theology and practices, yet there seem to be missing insights. For example the Aetherius society clearly reflects a kind of fossilization of the 1950′s English class system and its anxieties, its members looking like suburban train spotters even when performing occult rituals on mountains, and surely George King’s compulsive collection of grandiose but meaningless titles and degrees reflects the insecurity of someone from the very lowest strata of the English petit bourgeoisie. Contrast them with the high camp Unarius cult for example.

The reader may get the feeling that these groups are just so weird and different that they can be safely made the subject of sociological study without too many students feeling that it is their beliefs and practices that are being put under the microscope. Material which resonates much more with popular culture, for example studies of abductees, Roswell enthusiasts and general New Agers is not so safely contained on the other side of the zoo fence, with an ‘us’ on the outside studying ‘them’ on the inside.

Peter Rogerson

Roger Leir: The Aliens and the Scalpel.

Click on the cover image to order this book from Amazon

Roger K Leir. The Aliens and the Scalpel: scientific proof of extraterrestrial implants in humans. Granite Publishing, 1998. £12.99.  

Reviewed by Peter Rogerson

Well this book is certainly not scientific proof of extraterrestrial implants, or anything else for that matter. One thing does emerge, and that is that Roger Leir has no idea how to write a scientific book, albeit a popular one. Instead of a detailed carefully explained account of his researchers and objective analysis of the results, we get an tiresome listing of the author’s life story, the minutia of his day (about the only thing left out is the nature and composition of his stools), invented conversations and the like.

This at least gives us an insight into how people get into the state in which they start believing this sort of thing. Leir admits to a feeling of inferiority compared with his more high flying cousins, including Ken Ring of NDE fame, and admit it, being a podiatrist (a foot specialist) is not exactly practising the sexy side of medicine, not your heart-lung transplants, or separating conjoined twins which gets you into the headlines. Leir admits to wondering where is life and career was going. So when a plausible con..oops I’m sorry, dedicated researcher like Derril Simms suggests you are just the guy needed to make the scientific breakthrough of the century, you might be tempted.

The operations recounted here sound shambolic, and included Simms giving ‘hypnoanathesia’ (to be fair Leir and colleagues did give local anaesthetics as well in most cases), a patient crying out becauce the local was inadequate. In one set of operations a whole panoply of star witnesses (the usual suspects of course) was invited, it is not clear how many actually turned up.

It is not at all clear just who did the analyses of the various samples, but none actually turned round and said “hey this stuff comes from outer space”. One guy, a friend of Simms, says one sample was boron nitride, and that this was a ‘high tech compound’ (actually it could be manufactured in any good high school lab). Leir was unimpressed. In some cases it appears that the funders, Robert Bigelow and friends, wouldn’t even tell Leir where the samples were being analysed, let alone who was doing the actual work and what their qualifications were.

Leir is I think fundamentally honest, but naive, and, judging by the silly ancient astronauts and aliens are manipulating our evolution speculation at the of this book, not entirely scientifically literate outside his own speciality, and is being manipulated by others. At times he sees to get a glimmer of insight into his position. He would like his results presented in a proper scientific journal, but Bigelow prefers the obviously more prestigious MUFON journal.

The actual results are printed at the end, and I am not competent to comment on them. Hopefully others with the right technical background will. (Scientists quoted in Abduction Watch were not impressed)

Untangling The Abduction Conundrum. Peter Rogerson


In Internet discussion forums Greg Sandow has been one of the most vocal critics of psycho-social approaches to the abduction experience. Peter Rogerson reviews Sandow’s critique and finds it flawed:

Highlight of the latest issue of the Anomalist (No. 7, Winter 1998-9, $9.95) is Greg Sandow’s essay ‘The Abduction Conundrum’. This has been hailed in some quarters as the definitive answer to the psycho-social hypothesis. It most certainly isn’t that at all. It is the usual mountain of special pleading, misstatements of fact, and cult of pseudo-openmindness taken to the point of lunacy that we have been hearing from abductionists for years.

I say pseudo-open mindedness, becauce the open mindness is distinctly one sided, there is no open mindness towards sceptical views of abductions at all, there may be problems in cultural interpretations of abduction stories, yet Sandow’s dismissal of Martin Kottemeyer’s essay ‘Entirely Unpredisposed’ as “one of the zaniest essays ever written on UFOlogy”, with the usual angry wave of the hand, scarcely betokens of open mindness towards that quarter. Indeed, though Sandow pays lip service towards impartiality, and makes a few mild, token criticisms of Hopkins and Jacobs, in reality the essay is just another extended defence of abduction literalism.

Thus we get the defence of hypnosis, the critics of the idea that hypnosis aids memory recall are dismissed as ‘experimental psychologists’ “who sit alone and think”, (oh dear I thought that experimental psychologists conducted, erm, experiments, something that elsewhere Sandow concedes, but only to say that they create artificial situations, or do nasty things like make children think they were lost in the mall), not like the nice empathic therapists, who deal with real people, and whose anecdotes one should therefore take on trust, and not both about nasty things like trying to verify them by carefully conducted experiments. The work of Spanos and colleagues is also dismissed (they commit the ultimate sins in not believing hypnosis at all, and shock horror, “quote from Phil Klass”) (Bit off message here Greg, your friends have been quoting this same article against the fantasy proneness hypothesis – wrongly as it turns out – for years now).

Sandow asks why do only some science fiction motifs feature in abduction lore, why not tales of visits to other planets, or possessing special powers? The answer is that there are, as there are tales, and a growing number of people who claim to be aliens themselves, but they don’t feature in the approved Hopkins/Jacobs canon, because these authors know what the “true abduction story” is, and dismiss anything that deviates from it as fantasy or screen memory. (Come to think of it, can anyone recall encountering the idea of screen memories in a non UFOlogical context? The only example I can think of was an episode of MASH, in which Hawkeye had a screen memory of being saved by or saving his brother from drowning – I can’t remember which. That turned out to be a screen for one of them trying to drown the other. The idea seems iffy and rather dangerous; what happens when Inspector Plod tells you, “I’m sorry sir, your memory of sitting quietly in front of the TV with your family, was a screen memory for you raping and pillaging the neighbourhood, no sir I don’t have any evidence for this assertion, but then absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. Mind coming down to the station with me Mr Sandow, we have a hypnotist to hand”.

Most abduction narratives, which people construct, often to account for actual anomalous personal experiences, many associated with aware sleep paralysis and other hypnogogic and hypnopompic experiences, are based on the the abduction narratives of others. At first these were transmitted through supermarket tabloids, this was the source that Patty Price, the first of the really modern abductees, used in (unconsciously) constructing her abduction narrative. When narratives are placed in order of investigation and/or publication, the building process, in which elements from one narrative are carried forward into the next, with a new motif added from time to time.

Sandow has some fun at various psycho-social explanations, but if some broad psycho-social approach is correct, we should not expect there to be just one overarcing cause. Abduction narratives mean different things, and serve different purposed for different people. Fears of science, love-hate feelings towards high-tec medicine, guilt feelings about animal experiments, the sense of loss of autonomy, feelings about abortion, other sexual problems, abductors as parental and other authority figures, the abductor as faceless, grey bureaucrat, and more besides may play parts. The meanings change over times. Remember that when Bullard wrote his huge two-volume thesis on abductions in 1987 the hybrid fairy child featured nowhere in it., Within a couple of years it had become the main motif.

What parts of Sandow’s essay bring out, is the divide between what C. P. Snow called the Two Cultures, the mutual incomprehension between people with liberal arts and science backgrounds. Thus even a highly educated liberal arts graduate like Sandow, has only a vague notion of science, with a concept of the future largely derived from Star Trek. Thus teleportation, alien human hybrids, people being sucked through solid walls, all are assumed in some vague sense to be possible, because of past scientific advance. Science, unless everything we think we know about the world is wrong, actually puts limits on what is possible, but this is not a notion that Sandow takes on board. Thus, if not actually endorsing the idea, he calls on us to be open minded about alien human hybrids, and people being sucked through solid windows. Two comments. First after his strictures on the lack of rigour in psycho-social UFOlogy (Kottmeyer’s theories are too vague to testable), the double standard is breath taking: if aliens can suck people through solid walls they can do anything, the ETH can never be refuted. I have been hammering at this point for ages now and will go on doing so till someone deigns to answer (I suspect hell will freeze over first). Second, that if nothing is ruled out, we get total anarchy, nothing can ever be decided.

The correct response is to accept that if we actually listened to what the abductees are saying, it is quite incompatible with a literalistic interpretation. If you don’t want to deal in certainties, then at least it is overwhelmingly more probable that we are dealing with some kind of ‘virtual experience’, If you want to make absolutely certain, and perhaps set the abductees own minds at rest, then at least in the case of frequent repeater abductees the solution is to get them into properly monitored sleep laboratories, and find out just what is happening in abduction experiences, if anything. If the experiences, however real and frightening they are to the abductee, are in some sense or other a product of their imagination, then they can be told that this is the case, that they are in charge and can change the scenario of the dreams or visions. They can be helped, which is something that Jacobs in particular cannot do, with his doomsday scenario of despair.


Paradises of Grey Peris: Oriental Elements in the Abduction Experience: Davis Sivier

 From Magonia 69, December 1999

One of the paradigms now being used by sceptical ufologists to explain the abduction experience is sleep paralysis and the attendant hypnopompic states, during which the experiencer feels paralysed and may confuse elements of their dreams with the reality from which their consciousness has not yet fully retreated into deep sleep. (1) It has been remarked that much Western theorising about the nature of religion, such as the belief propounded by Euhemerus in the Classical world that it has its origins in the deeds of great figures of the past whose feats became gradually confused with time until they became gods, is made manifest in Chinese religion. The numerous deities of the Middle Kingdom contain a number of deified individuals admitted to the company of gods by imperial edict, and the pantheon itself is structured according to the Chinese imperial bureaucracy. (2) It should come as no surprise then, that the connection between sleep paralysis, the Old Hag and otherworld journeys to a fairyland should similarly become overt in oriental mystical tradition. One of the classic Chinese ghost stories concerns a scholar who falls asleep in a monastery, only to journey to a strange fairyland reached through a gap in his pillow. (3) The connection between hypnopompic dreams and supernatural journeys is obvious, and serves to illuminate other Chinese legends more similar to Western tales, such as that of Chun-Yu Fei, who became the governor of an otherworld state entered through a gap in a tree. (4) The parallels between this, medieval Chinese legend, and Western tales locating the fairy realm under hollow hills and the roots of trees, is likewise clear.

The similarities between the Close Encounter and Near Death Experience has also been remarked upon. Betty Andreasson, and Peter, who with his wife was abducted from Beit Bridge in Zimbabwe, (5) were both abducted “out of the body”, for example, as was Maureen Puddy. Judy Doraty, who was abducted in May 1973 while driving near her home in Houston, Texas, was told by the Greys aboard the craft that she had spontaneously appeared out of her body in their craft, and that they had not intended to take her. (6) This has obvious parallels with the beings of light commonly reported by those who have had NDEs, who tell them it is not their time yet and who send them back to Earth. In the case of the Oriental version of the NDE, this commonly takes the form of an encounter with an otherworldly being who looks them up in a book and tells the percipient that there has been some mistake before returning them to full life. In the myth of Hanuman, the Monkey of Wu Chang-An, the myth’s hero gained his immortality by ripping the page on which his name was written out of Yama’s, the king of death’s, book. This conception of a fallible, or at least easily duped, heavenly bureaucracy has its parallel in the numerous Western joke scenarios in which a bureaucratic mistake amongst the angels and saints in heaven leads to someone being taken before their time because of a confusion with someone who has the same, or a similar, name. The short-lived ITV 1980s comedy series, Dead Earnest, was based on just such a premise. The abduction of Judy Doraty, who saw her daughter, who had also being travelling with her, being deliberately examined by the Greys but who herself was not wanted by them, leaves itself open to just such an interpretation. Of course, perhaps the incident is better interpreted as a woman fearing and imagining the worst for her child during a period of intense psychological stress occasioned by the original incident and its possible confabulation during the subsequent hypnotic investigation by Leo Sprinkle.

Then there is the problem of the Greys’ eyes, one of their defining traits. It is through their eyes that the Greys establish control, sometimes almost devouring their victims psychically. The “mindscan” leaves them feeling that information has been extracted from them telepathically, while some abductees feel that the eyes promise something deeper, such as John Mack’s patient, Peter, who declared that: “It really wants to connect with me. It’s almost like it’s looking at an infant . . . if you were only a little older and a little wiser and we could have a relationship or something.” (7) This occurs as the individual’s own willpower is destroyed through eye contact with the alien, such as in Karen Morgan’s statement that, “Once you look into those eyes you’re gone, you’re just gone”. (8) Erotic feelings may also play their part, as in Barbara Archer’s statements about how, when looking into the eyes of her Grey abductor, “He makes me feel happy. I think that he likes me . . . I feel wonderful. I think that he is wonderful”. (9)

Although Spencer himself points out the importance of eyes to humans, and the numerous sayings emphasising them, such as “bedroom eyes”, “the eyes are the portals to the soul”, he neglects their intimate connection with spirituality. The painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti considered the yes to be the most spiritual part of the face, and the mouth the most sensual. In the pages of this magazine Peter Brookesmith has also called attention to the accentuated eyes of ancient Middle Eastern figures. The strongest religious parallels to the Greys’ eyes are, however, in Islamic Sufism. The ultimate goal in Sufism, as with other forms of mysticism, is union with God. Sufis, however, stress the importance of the Beatific Vision, with God’s face in particular the focus of their attention. This comes from a passage in the Qu’ran describing God fading away until only His face is left. This aspect of Islamic mysticism shows more than a passing similarity to Jacob’s encounter with the angel at Peniel in the Old Testament. The Hebrew term translated as “presence”, when the patriarch at last discovers that he has been in the presence of God, literally means “face”. There is also a powerful erotic element in Sufi literature, which attempted to communicate their intoxication with the Divine through the metaphor of wine and earthly, even homosexual, love. Al-Hallaj, one of the earliest Sufis, himself wrote poetry which employed the terminology of secular love. The relationship with God was compared to that between lover and beloved, something which recalled the “St Amour” of the Knights Templars. More than that, God’s face could be likened to that of a particular student at the madrasseh, who is possessed of a pleasing countenance with dark, limpid eyes. This mystical speculation desiring spiritual union with God, achieved through contemplation of the Beloved’s face and eyes, has obvious parallels with the above quotes about the mystical, erotic power of the Greys’ eyes.

Most controversial of all the Greys’ features is the similarity some commentators see between them and small children. Professor Jack Cohen, a reproductive biologist at Warwick University and the designer of fictional aliens for SF authors such as Andre Norton, Harry Harrison and Larry Niven, declared in a recent lecture to the British Interplanetary Society that the image of aliens either as dragons or three-year-old children was due to the cultural perceptions of such monsters impressed on Western infants at about that age. Dr Marina Warner discussing her latest book, Bogeymen, at this year’s Cheltenham literary festival, pointed out that in their insatiable appetites and complete disregard for social norms and adult behaviour, giants were really overgrown babies.

This equation between the infantile and the monstrous is often made plain in medieval Western folklore, and the religious beliefs of African and native American peoples, but is suppressed in contemporary Western culture. The peculiarly alien nature of children, who behave differently from adults, only finds its expression in modern society in contemporary horror films like Rosemary’s Baby and The Omen. In Africa children have a numinous element unknown in the West. The Chamba of the Nigeria/Cameroon border area believe that the inarticulate babbling of babies and the senile is the language of the spirits. Babies haven’t quite forgotten it, and the elderly are only just resuming it prior to their joining the spirits in death. This stresses the similarity between the very young and the very old, something often remarked on in the West but never stressed to the same extent, except by television company apparatchiks who recently lumped the fandom of the late comedian Benny Hill – again, the very old and very young – under the collective title of the underwear-soiling ages.

The appearance of the Greys, at once an old, dying race, whose appearance owes much to Victorian ideas of racial senility, (10) but physically resembling small children, is a far more powerful expression of these perceived parallels. Going further than this, there is the final image of Kubrick and Clarke’s epic SF film 2001: A Space Odyssey. This is the Star Child, the final apotheosis of the last astronaut, Dave Bowman, after he has made humanity’s latest evolutionary leap wrought by the alien builders of the Black Monoliths, who are also immeasurably ancient. This link with he world of the spirit is a matter of some fear to certain African peoples like the Baule of the Ivory Coast. They believe it is dangerous to bring two babies still speaking the language of the spirits close to each other, in case they plot against the living. This belief in the power of a primeval language also formed part of the medieval European mystical tradition, especially in certain forms of Cabbalism and Freemasonry. In the quest to discover it, children could be put in considerable peril by adults. Frederick II, the German emperor widely considered to be the Antichrist during his lifetime, conducted an experiment to learn this language. He ordered a number of small children to be separated from their parents and to be attended only by nurses who would remain perpetually silent. This cruel experiment afforded him no results, however. None of the unfortunates lived long enough to utter a single word.

The idea that children can be consciously evil, plotting against their parents, is extremely shocking to the contemporary Western mind. When the Avenging Embryo thesis, which held that the Greys’ embryonic form was the product of Western guilt over abortion, first reared its head some time ago, it was bitterly attacked for its alleged misogyny. Michael Grosso similarly considered the forms of the Greys to be based on Western feelings of self-guilt. Images of starving children from the Third World, dying through disease, famine, civil war brought about by the strains of the global economic and political situation and the ecological crisis, evoke strong feelings of guilt amongst some Westerners. Grosso sees the Greys as metaphors for the guilt the West has because of the impact of its technology on the planet, though the causes of this guilt are surely not confined to this. Western Europe and North America are the present dominant cultures, and their wealth comes to a greater or lesser extent upon the exploitation of weaker cultures conquered during their colonial periods of expansion. Many Westerners therefore feel themselves naturally responsible for the poverty and suffering on the rest of the planet, a situation analysed by the writer Albert Memmi at the beginning of Western decolonialisation: “Deep within himself the colonialist pleads guilty.” (11) In his analysis of imperial and sexual guilt as encoded in Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Richard Marsh’s The Beetle, he states that “this mechanism – the projection of Western guilt, fear and desire, on to the Oriental (African) – as Other – carries with it a considerably in-built penalty. It invests him with the power of the repressed . . . The forms of inversion of imperial power which this guilt produces include defeat by alien technological superiority (Wells’s Martians, for example), and not only the revenge, in appropriately dehumanised forms, of imperial subjects, but also the return of, or regression to, the metaphysical realm of transcendental religion, displaced, and debased, by the advance of scientific positivism.” (12)

Early descriptions of ufonautical visitors stressed their foreign features. The phantom airships were crewed by foreign-looking men who were frequently swarthy, and it is possible that the Greys were gradually elaborated from descriptions of such extraterrestrial visitors as short and oriental with slanted eyes. The mystic East has been a strong image of oriental culture since the days of Empire. Garnett quotes Benita Parry’s analysis of the fiction of Joseph Conrad, Conrad and Imperialism: Ideological Boundaries and Visionary Frontiers, as part of his thesis that as part of the guilt and fear associated with the idea of Africans and Orientals, “is the conception of colonial peoples as possessed of privileged insights into the transcendental realm and endowed with magic powers”. (13) The Greys, as elaborated from stereotypical images of Orientals. possessing infantile features, surely fit the above description exactly. Their forms articulate Western guilt. Like Wells’s Martians they conquer through technology. Like Dracula and Marsh’s Priest of Isis, they also conquer through arcane mystical power. The link between ufology and westernised forms of oriental mysticism, such as theosophy, is quite strong, and likely to remain so in the current fashion for New Age forms of religious experience. In seeking to change Western consciousness through espousal of an orientalised religious philosophy, the Greys may very well be said to embody the East’s mystical revenge, even if this revenge is brought about solely by collective Western feelings of post-imperial guilt.

The parallels between Marsh’s tale of terror and the modern abduction myth go beyond a common fear of the Other, however constructed. The Priest of Isis in the story takes the form of a monstrous insect, while the Greys are similarly described as insectoid. This fear is no doubt based on the strong repugnance most people feel towards “creepy-crawlies”. Marsh succeeded in linking it to a fear of Orientals through the ancient Egyptians’ reverence for the scarab beetle. Coupled with this is also the deep and abiding fear of loss of humanity – such transformations from human to the monstrous, with a concomitant loss of individuality, were the stock-in-trade of some of the more shocking episodes of Dr Who. C.S. Lewis once remarked that the ants encapsulated the two strongest middle-class fears – fears of the feminine and the collective. The strongly collective nature of many Oriental societies, such as the Japanese, is uniquely disturbing to the Western mind, raised on notions of individualism, a fact of which the creators of Star Trek were only too aware when they created the Borg, the ultimate gestalt creature. At the beginning of this century the Bolshevik victory in Russia led many right-wing ideologists to equate Communism specifically with the threat of barbarian Asiatics. Gurdjieff, the great Russian mystic and fashionable charlatan, himself taught that ants were antediluvian Communists, who had suffered the ultimate in divine punishment by being finally reduced to their invertebrate status. Several abductees have similarly reported the lack of individuality in their captors, one specious explanation given for this being that their life force is not as differentiated as ours. In view of the oft-reported comment on Orientals’ features that “they all look the same to me”, the similarities between the Greys and the Asiatics is too strong to be considered purely coincidental.

The gender of the Priest of Isis is similarly in doubt. In one passage he is described as male, in another as female, much like the highly sexed, but neuter Greys. Part of his tactics of conquest involve the seduction and debasement of Western women, like the tale’s heroine, Marjorie Lindon. These seductions have strong homoerotic overtones. When Robert Holt discovers the Priest in an abandoned house, he is first embraced in darkness by a monstrous insect which “gains his loins”, (14) before going on to his head and upper body. When in human form, the Priest, now represented as a man, orders him to strip naked before grinning at him with “a satyr’s smile”. (15)

Lindon’s seduction, too, has homosexual, lesbian overtones, as the monstrous insect enters her bed. Again, the parallels with the modern Close Encounters scenario which also has strong homoerotic overtones – buggery with weird alien probes and the like – are strong. The primary targets of the Priest’s tactic of seduction are women, undoubtedly due both to Victorian fears of female sexuality and the belief, predating the Victorians, that women’s sexuality makes them especially vulnerable to the monstrous overtures of the Other. These fears are of a group with Lanz Von Liebenfels’ confused ideas of a primeval humanity deprived of its superhuman powers through repeated coupling with subhuman apelings, the only remedy for which was the subjection of good Aryan women to pure German husbands. In origin it probably stems from the raids by primitive peoples to carry off each others’ women as wives or concubines, elaborated from these mundane, human concerns into the supernatural and monstrous. Most abductees are women, another example of women’s sexuality making them vulnerable to supernatural possession, a phenomenon which almost certainly comes from the same psychological roots as the vulnerability of Marsh’s female characters to the vile overtures of the Beetle. Mixed in with this is racial desire and envy on the part of the Beetle-Priest himself. When gazing on the naked form of Holt, the Priest declares: “What a white skin you have – how white! What would I not give for a skin as white as that – oh yes!” (16)

The Greys are similarly motivated by a desire to gain some element of our racial or genetic heritage for themselves. They need to interbreed with us, to spawn these hybrid offspring, because they themselves are dying. This racial envy projected on to the Other serves both to bolster the collective ego humanity, or at least the Western portion of it, has something innate which this rapacious Other, for all its power, does not have and at the same time exacerbates the racial fears upon which these perceived motives are based. The Other alien or Beetle-Priest – is planning to possess and usurp Western humanity’s most intimate defining trait, its very genetic heritage itself.

Marina Warner, in answer to the author’s question concerning the infantile nature of the Greys, felt that part of the fear producing the abduction phenomenon lay in Christian notions of self gained from Greek philosophy. The Greeks, according to her, believed that the self was one and indivisible, that each person was uniquely whole. Thus, the worst thing that could happen to a good Christian was possession by an invading entity, with the concomitant fracturing and alteration of their deepest selves. In cultures which did not have this view of the individual soul, possession was not something feared, but sought. The “scooping” of abductees, the removal and replacement of organs and the insertion of implants, although having their immediate roots in fears of modern biotechnology, stem ultimately from Christian fears of possession, or fragmentation of their indivisible self. The fear was that the person was somehow being clandestinely altered, and changed into something not really him- or herself, and that the precise nature of this change was frighteningly unknown.

There is something to this. Many cultures with strong shamanic traditions believe the individual has a multitude of souls unknown in Christian culture. The Inuit, for example, have three- an animating principle in the body, a unique soul conferred with a person’s name, and an immortal soul which journeys to the afterlife after death. The Chinese similarly have two souls, one of which resides in the grave after death, and one which journeys on to its eternal reward in the numerous hells and paradises envisioned in Buddhism. Shamanism played an important part in early Chinese religion, and even in the modern, technological world researchers have noted the importance of traditional seances in Chinese domestic religious observances. (17)

This view, stressing a straight dichotomy between a Christianity fearful of possession which believes that a person is indivisible, and pagan cultures stressing heterogeneous spiritual elements in the human constitution and actively seeking communion with possessing entities, ignores the charismatic elements in Christianity. The early church was especially open to the gifts of the spirit since the descent of the Holy Ghost on the apostles at Pentecost, St Paul being particularly inspired in this respect. The Didache, a short document claiming to be the teaching of the twelve apostles, gave explicit instructions intended to guide the congregation when attempting to discern which of the inspired individuals who came amongst them was a true prophet. The charismatic revival beginning in the black Pentecostal churches in the 1920s renewed this mystical tradition, though revivalist sects such as the Catholic Apostolic Church stressed the inspiration of the Holy Spirit as far back as the 1890s, and the importance of these spiritual gifts to the Quakers and Shakers in the 17th century is well known. Among charismatic cults like Vaudaun, the possessing entities can be evil, as well as good, so Christianity has by no means a monopoly on considering certain forms of mystical experience evil. The difference between Christian attitudes to charismatic phenomena and those of the various pagan cults which seek possession in some form probably stems from Christianity’s monotheism which forbade any contact with the spiritual world beyond the officially sanctioned dimension of the church and which possessed a powerful bureaucracy able to enforce that prescription.

This fed into Enlightenment attitudes to charismaticism which saw them as both examples of ignorant superstition and dangerously socially disruptive. Enthusiasm originally meant something like “spiritually inspired”, and quickly acquired a negative connotation in the 18th century when the term “enthusiast” meant something like “religious fanatic”. Religious zeal was a dangerous thing that had plunged Europe into a series of bloody wars between Catholic and Protestant, and Enlightenment intellectuals feared its return. The abduction phenomenon is a return of this mystical, shamanic tradition given a darker form due to its repression in the Western psyche, and its perceived links with primitive oriental and African cults. On the other hand, its appearance at the time when many Christian churches have taken on the charismatic renewal suggests that it is part of this common post-secular trend towards mysticism, rather than a separate phenomenon. Of course, to many people Christianity very much has a stifling, stuffy image despite the efforts of the Evangelicals. The darkness of the abduction phenomenon could represent suppressed drives towards charismaticism in those who subscribe to the arguably majority view in Western culture which finds such things in some way evil, or it could also stem from Christian charismaticism taking an oriental and technological guise as Christianity loosens its hold on Western thought. Peter Brookesmith has vehemently argued the latter in the pages of this magazine, while ignoring the universality of some of the features he condemns and the strong oriental intellectual influences on ufology. It’s a convoluted issue of which the only clear feature is that it represents a powerful mystical experience of a type discouraged by contemporary society.

Back to the suspicion of children, however. Some cultures believe that suffering children are really malevolent spirits gaining spiteful pleasure from the torment of their human parents. In West Africa there is the belief in “ghost children”, evil spirits that are born in pain and suffering, bringing grief and sorrow to their parents through their sickly condition before deliberately dying to inflict the maximum amount of pain. These malicious beings then reincarnate themselves to begin the cycle over again. The grief they inflict on their human parents sustains them, and the tears the shed are valuable items in the land of the dead. The only way to prevent depredation by such spirits is to give them names that refer to their unattractive features and evil, or smear them with repulsive matter that will make them unattractive to the spirits. When such children die, their bodies are liable to mutilation. This belief is of a type with the medieval European conviction that deformed, sickly or retarded children were changelings substituted by the fairies for the beautiful human child. The solution was to make life so uncomfortable for the changeling that it left and the fairy parents brought the original child back. This all too readily took on brutal forms. Changelings could be whipped, put on the fire or burnt in the oven, in order to bring the fairy mother to rescue it.

Martin Luther, on finding a particularly malevolent changeling in one of the German states, told the Elector of Saxony that if he were the country’s prince he would kill it and throw the body in the Moldau. When this suggestion was refused, he ordered the local people to pray in church for the creature’s death, which happened in its second year. Rather less brutal is the treatment given to deformed children by the Nuer of Sudan. They used to dispose of such deformed dead babies by putting them down by the river by the hippopotami who were perceived as being their real fathers. All these beliefs have the function of explaining the occurrence of deformed children and assuaging the grief felt by their parents when they eventually pass away. After all, if the children were really malicious spirits, and not the couple’s own children, then there was no point in grieving over their deaths. On the contrary, if the creatures were evil, their final demise should be a cause of celebration.

Interestingly, the fairies had human agents active in the stealing of children for them. According to Strype’s Annals of the 16th century, midwives had to swear an oath not to allow anybody to substitute another child in place of the mother’s own, nor to use any sorcery or incantation during childbirth. This has obvious parallels in both the way the Greys spawn children on abductees, only to steal them away again, and the activities of various clandestine government departments in promoting this programme of extraterrestrial miscegenation.

In modern Japan where abortion is common due to the prohibition of contraception, there is a real fear that the spirit of the aborted child will exact vengeance on the mother. Thus, special ceremonies are performed and statues of Jizo, the Japanese god of compassion, put up. Jizo is believed to comfort the souls of dead children in their endless toils on the Sai-no-kwara, the Buddhist Styx. Coupled to this are the kokeshi dolls, papoose-like images made by the Japanese to represent the victims of infanticide, those smothered or crushed to death. Often the killer is their mother. In the West there is an intense debate on the morality of abortion. To many Christians and others in the pro-life camp, abortion is infanticide of a type comparable to the wholesale sacrifice of children to the Phoenician god Moloch. To the pro-abortion side, such concerns are false. The children aborted are not true children at all, and it is a distortion to represent them as such. Furthermore, any ban on abortion is an invasion of women’s rights to control their own bodies, and attempts to impose it are part and parcel of a general assault on women’s rights by Fascist groups seeking to reinforce the subjugation of women.

It’s been claimed that, despite the claims of the pro-life side, few women who have had an abortion actually feel guilty. This may well be so, but the writer of this article has personally encountered women who have been forced into abortions by their husbands, and seen this as nothing less than the murder of their child. Grief, sorrow and guilt over miscarriage and abortion certainly exist. Although many hospitals now arrange to carry out special services for miscarried babies, the victims of abortion or the controversial experiments in human reproduction are far less cared for. An example of the ambiguity accorded to the victims of abortion was the scandal which erupted in America in 1985 over the disposal of 16,433 aborted foetuses found in a steel bin. The US Supreme Court was required to make a ruling whether or not these children should be given over to a religious organisation for burial. The final decision was a compromise. The foetuses were given a secular burial as inert matter, but with a eulogy from Ronald Reagan. Such a debate between religious values and modern, secular notions, both stressing the dignity of human life, has caused intense feeling on both sides and even motivates some to murder.

 Fundamentalist Christians in America have killed doctors who perform abortions, while the Red Army Faction in Germany, on the other hand, used to kill those doctors who refused to perform them as Fascists. The intense feeling generated by the debate, and the guilt some individuals undoubtedly feel, even if only a minority, may well seek expression in the spiritual sphere. Maternal guilt over the abortion of a child has already been expressed in the literature of science fiction in Ian McDonald’s short story “Innocents”. This particular tale, set in a future in which the dead are resurrected through nanotechnology, culminates in the suicide of a woman after she comes to believe the lover she has taken is her own aborted son, brought back to life by virtue of the above technology. Although the vengeance exacted is at the hands of the mother herself, and the suspected son remains passive, not even aware of his true identity, the story contains all the significant motifs associated with the abduction myth as interpreted by the Avenging Embryo hypothesis: guilt for the fact, gynaecological examination and operation by clinical, distant and inhuman beings, and sex with a creature who is really a child, despite his adult guise, with the suspicion that the situation has been deliberately contrived by the inhuman protagonists against the human for some dark purpose of their own. In this respect the interpretation of the obstetric experiments of the Greys as “avenging embryos” is quite valid.

As for sex with incubi, succubi and the spirits of the dead, these are by no means confined to Western Christendom. Among the Baule a troubled adolescence, impotence or sterility may indicate that a person has a spouse in the spirit world who is discontented. This will be confirmed if the sufferer has erotic dreams about someone they have never met. The solution is to have statues of this spirit lover made and a type of marriage ceremony performed. The earthly spouse is then obliged to hold feasts and offerings in honour of this spouse, and to reserve Thursday nights for sexual relations with the spirit spouse. More than the succubus elements prominent in the abduction myth, this has strong parallels with Elizabeth Klarer’s liaison with a spaceship captain, who returned with their child to his home among the stars. Perhaps it is no accident that, even though she was white, she came from South Africa.

It’s clear then, that the abduction myth contains strong oriental and African elements. The links to certain forms of Eastern and African religious experience probably arise from common roots deep in human psychology, the Western flower of which, as evidenced in medieval folklore, was suppressed after the rise of the Enlightenment, only to take a distorted, technological form with the dawn of the Space Age. The prominent orientalism in the construction of the Other’s identity likewise arises in archetypal racial fears being ascribed to the Other, fears which, although having their roots in the imperial terrors of the late 19th century, were easily elaborated and ascribed to the extraterrestrials once human enemies as objects of fear had been superseded. Intimately mixed with these fears is guilt, both imperial and sexual. These terrors, the deep Freudian fears of race and sex, are the most profound and powerful in the human psyche. Spawned from such dark origins, it is no wonder the close encounter experience is both compulsive and terrifying. It is also no surprise that the Greys, despite their putative alien origins, always retain some human aspect, for through them humanity stares at a distorted image of itself.



1. See discussions of this in, for example, Brookesmith, P. and Devereux, P., “The Great Brain Robbery”, Fortean Times, No. 107, pp. 22-24, and McNally, J., “Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Fortean Times, No. 108, pp. 24-27.
2. Guirand, F. (ed.), Encyclopedia of World Mythology, Hamlyn, 1968, p. 380
3. Lu Hsun, A Brief History of Chinese Fiction, Foreign Language Press, Peking, 1976
4. Op. cit., pp. 98-99
5. Spencer, J. and A., True Life Encounters: Alien Contact, p.165
6. Baker, A. True Life Encounters: UFO Sightings, p. 117
7. Spencer, p. 144
8. Spencer, p. 143
9. Spencer, pp. 144-145
10. Kottmeyer, Martin, “Varicose Brains: Entering a Grey Area”, Magonia, No. 62, 8-11
11. Meemi, A, The Coloniser and the Colonised, first published 1957, reprinted 1974, Souvenir Press, London, p. 57, quoted in Garnett, Rhys, “Dracula and the Beetle: Imperial and Sexual Guilt and Fear in Late Victorian Fantasy, in Garnett, R. and Ellis, R.J., Science Fiction: Roots and Branches, MacMillan, 1990, pp. 30-54
12. Garnett, p. 35
13. Parry, B., Conrad and Imperialism: Ideological Boundaries and Visionary Frontiers, MacMillan, London, 1983, p. 3
14. Garnett, p. 452
15. Garnett, p 456
16. Garnett, p. 456
17. Ching, J., Chinese Religions, MacMillan, 1993, pp. 207-208





More Lies than Secrets: Investigating ‘Nazi UFO’ Legends. Kevin McClure

- continuing an investigation into the Nazi UFO legends

by Kevin McClure

Last year I published a paper, ‘Secrets or Lies – investigating the Nazi UFO legends’. If you missed it, please have a search on the Net: it’s out there somewhere, though I’m not on-line myself, and can only be contacted by post. Anyway, I promised at the time that I’d produce a follow-up, summarising the results I’d obtained, and th responses I’d received. Because the responses have been so many, so wide-ranging, and in many instances so vast, it’s taken till now to put this second episode together. I hope it’s of interest, and that it won’t be so long before the almost inevitable third one comes along!

On the basis of the evidence that I now have, all three of the main blocks of material that support the reality of German wartime flying discs, and the authorities used to support them, are open to severe criticism. These are

  1. The Feuerball and Kugelblitz weapons allegedly made, tested and used by the Germans during the course of the war, as described by Italian writer Renato Vesco.
  2. The Schreiver/Miethe/Habermohl/Bellonzo (or Belluzzo) Flying Disc (and constructions by various combinations of those names) as described by Major Rudolph Lusar and supported by Tim Matthews, and many others.
  3. The ever more outlandish claims for the reality of the supposed Vril and Haunebu battlecraft and spacecraft, and the publication Brisant. Particular supporters of these claims include Vladimir Terziski, Henry Stephens, Mike Schratt, Wendelle Stevens, Len Kasten and James Hurtak, and an increasing number of others. 
RENATO VESCO – Feuerball and KugelblitzIn ‘Secrets or Lies’ I raised what I saw as key questions about Vesco, who has been the source for many later writers. I asked, “What genuine, provable, biographical information is available for Renato Vesco? Pinto states that:
“Renato Vesco is a fully licensed aircraft engineer and a specialist in aerospace and ramjet developments. He attended the University of Rome and, before WWII, studied at the German Institute for Aerial Development. During the war, Vesco worked with the Germans at the Fiat Lake Garda secret installations in Italy. In the 1960s, he worked for the Italian Air Ministry of Defense as an undercover technical agent, investigating the UFO mystery.”

However, on the cover of Intercept – But Don’t Shoot is the unambiguous statement that:

“Renato Vesco was born in Arona, Italy, in 1924. A licensed pilot, in 1944 he commanded the technical section of the Italian Air Force. In 1946-47 he served in the Reparto Tecnico Caccia. Mr Vesco has been a senior member of the Italian Association of Aerotechnics since 1943, and is a student of aeronautical problems, particularly in the field of jet propulsion. He is a contributor to various aeronautical publications.”

There is clearly something very wrong here. Born in 1924, Vesco would have been 14 or 15 when WWII broke out. Surely, by that age, he had not attended the University of Rome and studied at the German Institute for Aerial Development? If he worked with the Germans at the Fiat Lake Garda secret installations in Italy, why didn’t Schreiver or Lusar mention him?

Would he really have “commanded the technical section of the Italian Air Force” at the age of 19 or 20, and “been a senior member of the Italian Association of Aerotechnics” at the age of 18 or 19? Surely, if he really were that remarkable, that important, his name would have appeared in the index or references of at least one of the countless books about the war that I’ve examined? Yet it doesn’t. Who was Vesco, and what did he really know about wartime German aircraft? Where did his material come from?”

Thanks to the highly-respected Italian researchers Maurizio Verga and Eduardo Russo, and a copy of the ‘Argosy’ article, we now have clear answers to these questions: they both know Vesco personally. As Verga says:

“Vesco exists, definitely! . . He is an old man now, born in 1924. What’s written by him by people like Al Pinto on the Internet and BBSs, as well as by Harbinson, is complete rubbish. His introduction in the 1971 English translation of his first book is quite accurate, even though he was not commanding any “technical section” in the Italian Air Force . . He was an aeronautical engineer and he got an interest in flying saucers (always seen as a secret development of man-made aircraft) in the late 40′s. He published several articles (about German secret weapons, flying saucers, aviation and other subjects) since the very early ’50s, soon becoming a real skeptic against the then-common idea of ETH visits (he commented and explained some sightings due to atmospheric or conventional phenomena). The manuscript of his first book was ready in 1956, but he stopped publication because he was to go abroad for a long time, due to his job. When he was back in the ’60s, after collecting a huge quantity of additional stuff, he had hundreds and hundreds of written pages, later to be turned into his three books. Vesco claims his sources are BIOS and CIOS reports dating between 1945 and 1947, plus other military and intelligence documents, mostly British. He told me “important persons” (I guess high-ranking officers from the Italian Air Force and other foreign Air Forces) contributed to his research with information and documents still classified. He promised not to make public their names, even though he says that most of them are surely dead. I know he borrowed the BIOS/CIOS reports he quoted in his books from some Italian AF officers, through the library or libraries of the IAF itself . . It is true he is the only aviation student who introduced the ‘Feuerball’ and ‘Kugelblitz’ devices, at least as far as I know. Please also note that ‘Kugelblitz’ was a name given to other German weapons, including a flak panzer.Vesco thinks the Schriever & Co stories simple bullshits, while Vril and Haunebu pure science-fiction.”

Having found out that Vesco had nothing of the authority we might have imagined from some of his publicity, it’s worth looking carefully at the information he has given us about the supposed Feuerball and Kugelblitz, as set out in the paperback version of ‘Intercept UFO’.

“another center, run by Speer and the S.S. Technical General Staff, had adopted the idea of employing “proximity radio interference” on the very much more delicate and hence more vulnerable electronic apparatuses of the American night fighters . .

Thus a highly original flying machine was born; it was circular and armored, more or less resembling the shell of a tortoise, and was powered by a special turbojet engine, also flat and circular, whose principles of operation recalled the well-known aeolipile of Hero, which generated a great halo of luminous flames. Hence it was named Feuerball (Fireball). It was unarmed and pilotless. Radio-controlled at the moment of take-off, it then automatically followed enemy aircraft (only enemy – how did it know?), attracted by their exhaust flames, and approached close enough without collision to wreck their radio gear.

The fiery halo around its perimeter – caused by a very rich fuel mixture – and the chemical additives that interrupted the flow of electricity by overionising the atmosphere in the vicinity of the plane, generally around the wing tips or tail surfaces, subjected the H2S radar on the plane to the action of powerful electrostatic fields and electromagnetic impulses (the latter generated by large klystron radio tubes protected with special antishock and antiheat armor). Since a metal arc carrying an oscillating current of the proper frequency – equal, that is, to the frequency used by the radar station – can cancel the blips (return signals from the target), the Feuerball was almost undetectable by the most powerful American radar of the time, despite its nighttime visibility.

In addition, the builders of the device hoped – and their hopes were fulfilled – that when the Allied flyers, not knowing their nature or purpose, noticed that the fiery balls were apparently harmless, they would not fire on these enormous-looking (because of their large halos of fire) “inoffensive” devices for fear of being caught in some gigantic explosion. More than one, in fact, as they fearfully watched those huge lights close in, the American pilots thought that some German technician on the ground was perhaps getting ready to push a button and cause the Foo Fighter to explode.

Project Feuerball was first constructed at the aeronautical establishment at Wiener Neustadt, with the help of the Fluggfunk Forschungsanstalt of Oberpfaddenhoffen (F.F.O.) in so far as radio control of the missile was concerned (but was it really a missile?) One person who saw the first short test flights of the device, without its electrical gear, says that “during the day it looked like a shining disc spinning on its axis and during the night it looked like a burning globe”.

Hermann Goring inspected the progress of the work a number of times, for he hoped, as in fact happened, that the mechanical principle could also later be used to produce an offensive weapon capable of revolutionising the whole field of aerial warfare.

When the Russians began to press on toward Austria, the construction of the first Fireballs was apparently continued by a number of underground plants in the Schwarzwald that were run by the Zeppelin Werke. The klystron tubes were supplied by the section of the Forschungsanstalt der Deutschen Reichpost (F.D.R.P.) of Aach bei Radolfzell on Lake Constance, and later also by the F.D.R.P. section of Gehlberg, whose products, however, were not as perfect as those delivered by the F.D.R.P., a fact that caused a number of Fireballs to be used simultaneously in formation.”

Expressly identifying the reports of aerial lights known in some parts of the US Air Force as ‘foo fighters’ as being evidence of the amazing, hitherto and hereafter unheard of secret weapon he called the Feuerball, Vesco sets out some more technical details

“The Foo Fighters did contain a strong explosive charge to destroy them in flight in case serious damage to the automatic guidance system made it impossible for the operators to control it. It seems, however, that during the time they were last seen, at least one American flyer opened fire on a Foo Fighter from a safe distance without succeeding in shooting it down, although he had it well within his sights. A convincing detail, this, especially in view of the fact that under the armored covering of the Foo Fighters there was a thin sheet of aluminum attached to it (but electrically insulated) that acted as a switch. When a bullet pierced the outer covering, contact between the two sheets was established and the consequent closing of the circuit that operated the maximum acceleration device of the craft (generally in a vertical direction) caused the Foo Fighter to fly off, taking it out of the range of further enemy fire.”

Now and then, Vesco includes references which support his claims, but he never does so with regard to the Feuerball. Let’s analyse what he is actually saying here, and what sense (if any) it makes, because, thanks to Vesco, and Vesco alone, we know that this device designed to achieve “proximity radio interference”

  • was circular and armored, more or less resembling the shell of a tortoise
  • was “enormous-looking”
  • was unarmed and pilotless.
  • was radio-controlled at the moment of take-of
  • “automatically” followed enemy aircraft, attracted by their exhaust flames,
  • approached close enough to the enemy aircraft, without collision, to wreck their radio gear.
  • carried large klystron radio tubes protected with special antishock and antiheat armor
  • could be used simultaneously in formation with other feuerballs
  • contained a strong explosive charge to destroy it in flight in case serious damage to the automatic guidance system made it impossible for the operators to control it
  • had under its armored covering a thin sheet of aluminum attached to it (but electrically insulated) that acted as a switch. When a bullet pierced the outer covering, contact between the two sheets was established and the consequent closing of the circuit that operated the maximum acceleration device of the craft (generally in a vertical direction) caused it to fly off, taking it out of the range of further enemy fire
  • had chemical additives (in its fuel?) that interrupted the flow of electricity by overionising the atmosphere in the vicinity of the plane, generally around the wing tips or tail surfaces, subjecting the H2S radar on the plane to the action of powerful electrostatic fields and electromagnetic impulses, making it almost undetectable by the most powerful American radar of the time

I don’t want to labour the point here – we could go on for a long time making fun of this rubbish – but this is not a description of anything real. We aren’t told what its actual size was. We know that it had no wings, but that it did carry a powerful engine, two layers of metal to protect it and trigger its escape when hit, liquid fuel (lots of it, presumably), large klystron radio tubes protected with special antishock and antiheat armor, a strong explosive charge, radio control equipment, and the absolutely mysterious devices which interfered with radio transmissions and made it nearly invisible to radar. It must, therefore, have been a dense, heavy, tortoise-shaped package. We can only speculate how it developed the lift not only to reach heights of 10,000 to 25,000 feet (the range within which bombing raids usually took place), at speeds in excess of 200mph just to follow the bombers, and faster to accelerate away from them.

It seems to have been radio-controlled at launch (however launch was achieved, let alone landing – were these devices meant to be landed and reused?), and also, because otherwise why would it contain “a strong explosive charge to destroy it in flight in case serious damage to the automatic guidance system made it impossible for the operators to control it” during flight. Between 2 and 5 miles up. In the dark. Following aircraft travelling at 200mph or so, apparently over considerable distances. We are again left to speculate how the operators knew what they were controlling, what was happening to their particular feuerball at any given moment, or what form of radio control could, in 1943 – 1945, work that accurately over that distance. Vesco does not address the question of how direction or speed of flight (if the motion of an armoured wingless tortoise can be accurately described as flight) was controlled or determined.

Other questions arise. How did the feuerball distinguish an enemy aircraft from a friendly one? How did it stop following the exhaust flames? Where did it go when it stopped? Why, when it was travelling laterally behind the engines of an enemy aircraft, attracted by its exhaust flames, did it suddenly depart “generally in a vertical direction” when hit? Which “chemical additives interrupted the flow of electricity by overionising the atmosphere in the vicinity of the plane”? Just how did that work? How did it wreck the radio gear of enemy aircraft? Where? When? And how, for pity’s sake, could these devices ever have flown “in formation with other feuerballs“?

Those of you who actually know about aeronautical engineering – as Vesco is supposed to have done – will be able to phrase these questions far better than I. Perhaps Vesco himself would like to put his mind to answering them: I certainly can’t. At present, though I’m happy to be persuaded otherwise, and to publish any hard evidence to that effect, my view is that the feuerball – which even Lusar had never heard of – is a fantasy. How this fantasy came to be published, I’m really not sure. But I’ve wondered for a year or two how he had come to construct these pseudo-technical descriptions, which originate absolutely and only with Vesco. Eventually I realised that what he had done was to look at the few reports of ‘foo fighters’ that he quotes (seldom, if ever, reported as anything but lights) and to build round those descriptions of the behaviour of those lights, speculative technical explanations which he considered matched their reported performance. The only reasonable conclusion available to me is that Vesco – or one of his obviously careless editors or publishers – put these ‘technical’ descriptions in his book knowing that they had no factual basis. Passing time, the laziness of later authors, and the will to believe in the wonders of Nazi intellect has gradually turned these dumb speculations into accepted facts.

Unless strong and reliable evidence appears to the contrary, I think we can dismiss the feuerball – and its even less defined relative the kugelblitz, to which Vesco mistakenly gave the name of a flak panzer in development early in 1945 – as objects that never had any physical reality, and were probably never even designed. The false and apparently deceptive biographical information provided by Vesco’s various publishers has succeeded in misleading many later writers and researchers, and in providing support for the false claims of others. It turns out that he was a man with an interest in man-made UFOs, who was strongly opposed to the extra-terrestrial hypothesis (ETH), used to explain many early ‘flying saucer’ sightings. He provides, in the feuerball and kugelblitz accounts given in a book we now know was completed by 1956, what sounds like a convincing hypothesis for explaining away, without the involvement of spacemen and interplanetary travel, the very ‘physical’ sightings and photographs of the late ‘40s and early ‘50s. Because Vesco’s first book (the only one of interest to us here) was completed in 1956, before the earliest version of Lusar’s book appeared, and because Lusar’s book was published long before the actual publication of Vesco’s first book in 1969, we shouldn’t be surprised that their two theories of German flying saucers are entirely exclusive: Lusar doesn’t mention Vesco’s feuerball and kugelblitz, and Vesco has clearly never heard of Lusar’s SMBH disk. There isn’t even a mystery here. There just isn’t anything at all!

THE ‘SAUCER-BUILDERS’ :the ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’

In ‘Secrets or Lies’ I commented that:

“The only sources of original information and evidence for the wide, circular ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’ come from a brief newsagency report quoted in Der Spiegel in 1950, under the name of a “Captain Rudolph Schriever” (also possibly appearing at the same time in the Italian press), and from German Secret Weapons of the Second World War by Major Rudolf Lusar, published in Germany in 1957, and in London and New York in 1959. Schriever seems to suggest that the craft did not progress beyond blueprint stage, but Lusar appears to have taken the ‘Schriever’ account, turned the planned speed and height figures into ones that had actually been achieved, changed some of the technical details, and added the vague, non-technical drawing of this supposed craft which has been reprinted in various contexts since.”

Thanks to the efforts of various correspondents I’ve been shown to be considerably under-informed in this respect. Actually, there are several sources for the supposed reality of actual, flying, wartime discs, but I suspect that their claims belong in the history of flying saucers, and not in the history of aeronautical technology. Let me explain what I mean.

The first ten years after the Arnold sightings in 1947 saw the growth of an interest in physical flying saucers that we can hardly understand now, plagued as we are by more psychological tales of abduction and ancient gods. Then, the search for an explanation generally started from the premise that what had been seen – and a lot of shiny, revolving flying-saucerish things were reported as really having been seen – were physically real. On that basis the choice was whether they were terrestrial or extra-terrestrial, and for those who weren’t prepared to believe in the reality of extra-terrestrial craft and their extra-terrestrial occupants, there was a further choice – were they friends or enemies, US or Soviet? And how could anyone tell?

Into this series of choices a further element was introduced: the concept that the craft being seen – particularly, then, in both North and South America – had their origins in German wartime technology. Either by way of being produced from hardware and designs, or by designers, that had been brought to the political West or East at the end of the war. Or, even, because they were being manufactured and flown by surviving Nazis who had decamped from Europe to South America or Antarctica by plane or submarine, and were now living in colonies where their technological developments had continued. Still within a decade of the end of a war which had repeatedly thrown up rumours – particularly vindicated with regard to rocket technology in the form of the V-1 and V-2 – of the secret weapons being developed by the Germans, such claims were relatively credible, and were made on a number of occasions. Rather as people now are so desperate to find non-paranormal ‘explanations’ for UFO phenomena that they will even resort to ‘earthlights’ and ‘electrical pollution’ as alternatives so, then, the idea of secret craft based on German technology seemed quite feasible.

Because Lusar can be reasonably identified as the person who first brought together random names to create, in print at least, the ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’, it seems sensible to look at claims of German flying disc technology made before the first appearance of Lusar’s book, apparently in 1957. I now know of several such claims, made in newspapers and magazines, and I imagine that there are more. It could well be worth looking for reports in the South American newspapers for the first half of the ’50s. I hope to obtain copies of more of these before the next round of ‘Secrets or Lies’, and to get them properly translated so that we can rely on the detail in them. But some points are already clear: no two of these accounts are wholly consistent as to names, places, dates, or anything much else, and all are told for one (or both) of two purposes – to glorify the achievements of Nazi scientists by claiming that they were responsible for technology beyond even professional comprehension, and to make their own mark on history.

So far I have read, or know of, accounts given between 1950 and 1957 by Schreiver, Belluzzo and Richard Miethe, three of the four engineers supposedly responsible for Lusar’s ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’. They give different information, take the lead in being responsible for what was achieved, and none of them state they worked with the other three. Other – and also contradictory – claims were made during the same period by a Georg Klein and a Hermann Klaas, and there is a rumour of a single account from 1947, too – post Kenneth Arnold, of course. Essentially, all claim to have been responsible for an assortment of different disc programmes, at a variety of different locations, testing and flying their different discs. There are later, similar claims, too. We need to put these together and compare them, but one fact is, now, glaringly obvious: not a single claim or report of the existence of a German flying disc dates from before flying saucers had become a popular obsession – or before they had actually been named ‘flying saucers’. It seems that you don’t have to be a rocket scientist to claim that you’re a rocket scientist.

I made the point previously that I have a real problem with the fact that there is no conventional historical record for any German wartime disc, or for the scientists and engineers who identified themselves as having made them. For “Klaus Habermohl” we have no information at all apart from his supposed involvement in the early 1930s in developing the “radial-flow jet engine”. I have seen nothing to even place him in Germany, or anywhere else, during the war, let alone identify him as working on a flying disc with his imaginary friends.

The first that we hear of the supposed Flugkapitan Schriever is in 1950, when he was working for the US Forces in Germany, delivering copies of the newspaper ‘Stars and Stripes’ to army bases. Though Terziski tries to find some glamour in this job, suggesting it was a cover for smuggling valuables of various kinds for some Nazi underground, it argues strongly against those who refer to the success of Operation Paperclip and the active intervention of the Soviets in securing the services of former rocket and disc scientists. If Schreiver really was the designer, engineer and, it seems, test pilot of a successful disc, then what the heck was he doing driving a lorry, and popping up in the press only when he wanted to seek some publicity for himself? If what he was saying was in any degree true, then surely one side or the other would have snapped him up like a shot.

Most peculiar – and perhaps unusually significant – is the situation regarding “Miethe”. Tim Matthews, in his generally excellent book ‘UFO Revelation’, refers to the

“three years of painstaking research by UK astronomy, aviation and photographic specialist Bill Rose, which included on-site research in Germany, Canada and the USA . . he was able to discover that Dr Walter (?) Miethe who all sources (eh?) agree was involved with Schriever, Klaus Habermohl and Guiseppe Belluzzo (an Italian engineer) had been the director of the saucer programme at two facilities located outside Prague. In May 1945, after testing of the prototype had taken place, both Miethe and Schriever were able to flee in the direction of allied forces .

Rose learned not only that test-flights had taken place but that there was film footage of them . . Rose was shown some stills taken from the original 16mm film and, given his expert photo-technical background, concluded, after careful consideration, that this was probably real and historical footage . .

We know a little more about Dr Miethe. One of the important pieces of information came in the form of a rare group photograph showing various young German scientists in 1933. The photograph shows Werner von Braun and Walter Miethe (or Richard Miethe – different sources mention different first names). It would seem that these two knew each other well”

I’ve recently spoken to Tim Matthews, a researcher who is always open, straightforward, and more than willing to share his findings: an unusual attitude these days. I understand that Bill Rose actually made contact with the person who provide him with the information, the photo of von Braun, Miethe and others, and sight of the ‘test-flight’ stills, after placing adverts in the aviation press stating his interests. He went to see an elderly man in West Germany, who wanted to give him information though his daughter did not approve. This man had, supposedly, been one of the last German pilots to fly out of Prague, and knew about the test-flight, the film of it, and that it was securely stored. I don’t know what name he gave, or whether he provided sufficient detail to Rose for military records to be checked. It certainly seems odd that someone who seems to have worked for or with ‘Miethe’ didn’t even know his first name, and I am now aware that, in 1993 – 94 (before, I think, Rose’s visit to West Germany) Vladimir Terziski, responsible for the German-funded video ‘UFO Secrets of the Third Reich’ was offering, for sale, film and video of supposed German saucers in flight.

There is an interview with a “Dr Richard Miethe”, ‘German aeronautical engineer’ and ‘ex-Colonel’, in France-Soir for 7 June 1952. I only have a transcript, in French, but apparently the paper also published a photo of Dr Miethe in his swimming trunks: it would be interesting to compare that photo with the one given to Rose, which appears in Tim’s book ‘UFO Revelation’.

My French isn’t great, but it seems that in the interview with Dr Miethe, conducted in Tel Aviv in June 1952, he says that he is 40 years old, gives specific details of his military background, and claims that he built a flying-saucer – the V7 which he built in 1944, the motors of which the Russians found at Breslau. He claims that from April 1943 he commanded a group of technicians of the 10th Reich Army, at Essen, Stettin and Dortmund, where the main research into German secret weapons was conducted. He doesn’t give the names of the other six engineers he says were involved, but is quite clear in saying that three are dead, and three are believed to have been taken by the Russians.

Not unusually, the heart of the interview is his comments on recent Brazilian flying saucer reports, and his opinion that if flying saucers are seen, then they will have been Russian-built from the knowledge of his three captured colleagues. But perhaps the most important point of all, for this investigation, is that this Miethe seems to have had nothing to do with the USA, Operation Paperclip, or anything similar. The article says, I think, that a few days before the German surrender he left the front to join the Arab Legion based in Addis Ababa and Cairo, where a number of Hitler’s senior officers had regrouped. At the time of the interview, in Tel Aviv, it seems that he had been ejected from Egypt, where he had been working with others to reconstruct the engine with which his earlier flying disc had been powered. The trigger for the expulsion may have been (I need to research this) a breakdown in diplomatic relations between Germany and Egypt.

This is, of course, a very different tale to that confirmed to Bill Rose. And it may be that there were two men called Miethe building flying discs in Germany in the last two years of the war, who went very different ways when it ended. It may be that the person who gave the interview was making it all up: I think he probably was, using elements from other, earlier accounts.

Rose and Matthews claim that Miethe worked with von Braun in 1933, and that the photo provided by the person who responded to Rose’s advert shows them together with other rocket scientists in that year. Fortunately, this is a well-researched and well-recorded period of history, and it should be no more difficult to find records of Miethe than it is that of von Braun. Indeed, von Braun was born in 1912 and if Miethe was 40 in 1952, they should have been absolute contemporaries. One book I recently found covers this period, and von Braun’s activities, in detail, as well as detailing rocket and ‘secret weapon’ development right through to the end of the war: this is ‘The Rocket and the Reich’ by Michael J Neufeld (Harvard, 1995), but it makes no mention at all of Miethe (Walter or Richard), Habermohl, Schreiver, or Belluzzo/Bellonzo, who supposedly built Lusar’s amazing flying disc, or even of Georg Klein or Hermann Klaas. Nor, for that matter, does Philip Henshall in ‘Vengeance – Hitler’s Nuclear Weapon Fact or Fiction’ (Alan Sutton, 1995) which covers a similar range in rather less detail. You might think that these people never existed or that, if they did, they played no part in the development of any German flying disc. And if none of them made a flying disc (or two, or several, or whatever) then it is highly unlikely that anyone ever did at all. The claims made by Matthews and Rose allow us to test the existence of Miethe at a real time, in a real place: he would seem to fail that test totally.

WORKS OF IMAGINATION – Vril, Haunebu, Projekt Saucer and other nonsense

Len Kasten

The incidence of disinformation with relation to Nazi achievements in general, and flying discs in particular, is high. Here’s some parts of an article by “Len Kasten” (information, anybody?) from the New Age glossy ‘Atlantis Rising’ – as usual, he adopts Vesco as an authority, and introduces Viktor Schauberger, an icon of pseudo-science who I’ll be looking at in due course, into the myth

“The more important anti-gravity weapons research was carried on near Prague primarily by Viktor Schauberger and Richard Miethe. In 1944 Miethe, in cooperation with the Italians, developed the large helium powered V-7 and the small one-man Vril models which achieved a speed of 2,900 km/hr in flight tests . . Captain Hans Kohler developed the Hanibu 2 with a diameter of 25 metres which carried a complete flight crew and was powered by a simple electrogravitation motor called the Kohler Converter . .

Building on Vesco’s claims, Kasten describes the (totally fictional?) Kugelblitz as being an “explosive gas weapon”, and having

“a 50-50 mixture of butane and propane, which was ignited by the exhaust of the bombers . . direct gyroscopic stabilisation, television-controlled flight, vertical take-off and landing, jam-free radio control combined with radar blinding, infrared search ‘eyes’, electrostatic weapon firing, hyper-combustible gas combined with a total reaction turbine, and last, but not least, anti-gravity flight technology. This was the incredible Kugelblitz or ‘lightning ball’. If it had emerged even six months earlier, could the war have turned out differently? We will never know, because by this time the Allied armies were rapidly converging on Berlin. So the Kugelblitz puffed out a formation of bombers, and flew off into history – or did it?”

Henry Stephens

In very similar vein is a feature by Henry Stephens of the German Research Project in ‘The Probe’. Referring to the work supposedly done on a flying disc by A.V. Roe in Canada, he claims that one of the recorded contributors to the project is shown as “Miethe-Designer 1950(?)” Spinning off into the realms of imagination, Stephens says

“The reference is obviously about Dr Heinrich (Heinrich? How many names does this man have?) Richard Miethe, who was the designer and builder of the wartime German saucer project, the V-7. Dr Miethe worked during the war at a German facility in Breslau, now part of modern Poland. After the war, he was recruited by the Americans and Canadians to recapitulate his earlier work for Germany in America . . Renato Vesco, an Italian engineer who worked with the Germans during the war and who afterwards held a cabinet position with the Italian government, states that Kahla was the location where a turbo-jet powered German saucer lifted off in its maiden flight in February of 1945. Vesco later wrote a book about his experiences, originally titled ‘Intercept but Don’t Shoot’”

Actually, for all his wild speculation, Vesco never claimed that he was writing from his own experience, but details like that simply don’t bother Stephens, as he spirals off into wild assertions about German free energy, atom bombs, Vril, Haunebu, Tesla, Montauk, the New World Order and the rest. And all this from the man whose mail-order business makes him one of the most influential figures in this strange field.Vladimir Terziski

At the end of ‘Secrets or Lies’, I asked for help in finding a number of references. Amazingly, almost all of these turned up from one place or another, but one of the few that didn’t was Vladimir Terziski’s book, probably from 1993, ‘Close Encounters of the Kugelblitz Kind’. However, I do have a fair amount of material written or organised by Terziski, including a chapter titled ‘Nazi UFOs’ in Brad Steiger’s 1994 pot-boiler ‘The Rainbow Conspiracy’, the video documentary ‘UFO Secrets of the Third Reich’, which I understand was Terziski’s brainchild, the edition of ‘From Beyond’ on the same subject – and using much of the same footage – in which Terziski actually appears, and a number of statements and an interview from the Net. With wonderful stupidity he describes Renato Vesco as “the Italian Wernher von Braun, the research scientist in charge of the Italian Air Force and Space Research and Development program during the war”, which says much for the thoroughness of his research.

Terziski claims to be the:

“President, American Academy of Dissident Sciences, 10970 Ashton Ave. #310, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA. When I wrote to the Academy asking for further information, my letter was returned, the Academy not being known at the address. He also claims that he is “a Bulgarian born engineer and physicist, graduated Cum Laude from the Master of Science program of Tokai University in Tokyo in 1980. Served as a solar energy researcher, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, before immigrating to the US in 1984.”

It would be interesting to know the extent of the truth of these claims, because both scientific facts and principles seem to lie in ruins if what he says about Nazi UFOs is true. I apologise for the length of the following quote from the posting ‘Half a Century of the German Moon Base 1942 – 1992′. I wouldn’t usually give so much space to such nonsense, but his video ‘documentaries’ and his contacts with, and use of, other commentators like ‘Professor’ James Hurtak, Wendelle Stevens and Henry Stephens have given Terziski an influential position in the ‘weren’t Nazis wonderful’ strand of disinformation, and has clearly done more than anyone else to talk up the Vril and Haunebu myths. And he’s done it very efficiently, too. This material amounts to another form of Revisionism, in which the Nazis won in the end.

“The Germans landed on the Moon as early as probably 1942, utilizing their larger exoatmospheric rocket saucers of the Miethe and Schriever type. The Miethe rocket craft was built in diameters of 15 and 50 meters, and the Schriever Walter turbine powered craft was designed as an interplanetary exploration vehicle. It had a diameter of 60 meters, had 10 stories of crew compartments, and stood 45 meters high. Welcome to Alice in Saucerland. In my extensive research of dissident American theories about the physical conditions on the Moon I have proved beyond the shadow of a doubt that there is atmosphere, water and vegetation on the Moon, and that man does not need a space suit to walk on the Moon. A pair of jeans, a pullover and sneakers are just about enough. Everything NASA has told the world about the Moon is a lie and it was done to keep the exclusivity of the club from joinings by the third world countries. All these physical conditions make it a lot more easier to build a Moon base.

Ever since their first day of landing on the Moon, the Germans started boring and tunneling under the surface, and by the end of the war there was a small Nazi research base on the Moon. The free energy tachyon drive craft of the Haunibu-1 and 2 type were used after 1944 to haul people,” materiel and the first robots to the construction site on the Moon. When Russians and Americans secretly landed jointly on the Moon in the early fifties with their own saucers, they spent their first night there as guests of the …. Nazi underground base. In the sixties a massive Russian – American base had been built on the Moon, that now has a population of 40,000 people, as the rumor goes.

According to the authors of the underground German documentary movie from the Thule society (presumably ‘UFO Secrets of the Third Reich – KM), the only produced craft of the Haunibu-3 type – the 74 meter diameter naval warfare dreadnought – was chosen for the most courageous mission of this whole century – the trip to Mars. The craft was of saucer shape, had the bigger Andromeda tachyon drives, and was armed with four triple gun turrets of large naval caliber (three inverted upside down and attached to the underside of the craft, and the fourth on top of the crew compartments).

A volunteer suicide crew of Germans and Japanese was chosen, because everybody knew that this journey was a one-way journey with no return. The large intensity of the electro-magnetogravitic fields and the inferior quality of the metal alloys used then for the structural elements of the drive, was causing the metal to fatigue and get very brittle only after a few months of work of the drive. The flight to Mars departed from Germany one month before the war ended – in April 1945 . .

One question, that I have not answered yet in the affirmative is how were the Germans able to regenerate the air inside the craft for 8 months for this big crew . . . Quite probably they were using advanced life support systems, developed initially for their larger Walter turbine and free energy submarines, that were cruising the oceans without resurfacing.

The radio message with the mixed news was received by the German underground space control center in Neu Schwabenland and by their research base on the Moon.”

Steiger quotes Terziski as telling of “an ‘alien tutor race’ that secretly began cooperating with certain German scientists in the late 1920s in underground bases and began to introduce their concepts of philosophical, cultural, and technological progress”, he “maintains that antigravity research began in the 1920s with the first hybrid antigravity circular craft, the RFZ-1, constructed by the secret Vrill society. In 1942-43 a series of antigravity machines culminated in the giant 350-foot-long, cigar-shaped Andromeda space station, which was constructed in old Zeppelin hangars near Berlin by E4, the research and development arm of the SS.” He is also quoted (by Branton) as making comments about the continued use of slave labour by the ‘pure-bred Aryan S.S.’ who live underground, conducting genetic experiments continuing those of WW2, in pursuance of the “Germans-Nazis-Illuminati pact”, which was established “with the serpent races long years before the American ‘secret/conventional’ hybrid government had done so.”

Because of Terziski’s considerable influence in developing popular belief in Nazi and post-Nazi power and influence, any real-life information of any kind about him and the Academy of Dissident Sciences (founded with Al Bielek, co-creator of the imaginary ‘Montauk Project’ nonsense) would be greatly appreciated. I note that most of this material is more than five years old. Where is Terziski now, what is he doing, and is there any possibility of challenging the utter absurdity of the claims he makes?

David Hatcher-Childress

Those of you familiar with the fields of both pseudo-science and pseudo-history – and pseudo pretty much anything, really – will already know of the boundless imagination of Hatcher-Childress. In the remarkably available ‘Man-Made UFOs 1944 – 1994, 50 Years of Suppression, by “Renato Vesco and David Hatcher Childress”, Hatcher-Childress appears to, er, borrow the text of Vesco’s first book (it’s unclear how much Vesco knew about this collaboration) and adds to a completely uncritical republication assorted crackpot photos and speculations of his own. His “Summary of the Claims and Evidence” has some familiar elements . . .

“After various experimental prototypes, including the rocket powered Miethe and Schriever discs, production began on the small ten meter diameter interceptor-fighters of the Vril series. The larger Haunibu series began with the 25 meter Haunibu 1 & 2. These craft had canons mounted underneath and were designed as “tank Killers”.

The 74 meter Haunibu-3, designed as an anti-shipping craft for use over long distances, was actually built and tested. It had inflatable rubber cushions on the underside for landing. The 300 meter Haunibu-4 was on the design board for interplanetary travel. It was disc shaped and could also carry several of the smaller Vril craft. Also reportedly in the design stage was an immense 330 meter cigar-shaped battleship.

Towards the end of the war, the Germans had developed interplanetary craft with no moving parts which were capable of going to the Moon or even Mars.”

I have no idea whether Hatcher-Childress actually believes this rubbish. I suppose he must, because otherwise he’d be knowingly misleading his readers.

Wendelle Stevens

Billy Meier supporter Wendelle Stevens, as well as having been “sent to Alaska to supervise the installation of special equipment onboard B29 bombers” to look for “mysterious flying objects known as ‘fire balls’ or ‘foo fighters’”, claims in Alien Encounters’ issue 25 that the Vril and Haunebu discs “were used just once against the Allies, in which they devastated a vast 800 bomber raid over Germany, shooting down an unprecedented 200 in just one night”. Bomber Command clearly missed this tragedy when compiling its records.Projekt saucer

The precise genesis of this material is uncertain, but successful SF author W A Harbinson states in his ‘non-fiction’ book ‘Project UFO’ that “In May 1978, at Stand III in a scientific exhibition in the Hanover Messe Hall, some gentleman were giving away what at first sight appeared to be an orthodox scientific newspaper called Brisant.” The second article in this paper dealt with “a German World War II flying saucer construction project, named ‘Projekt Saucer’ . . which asserted that the German scientists were the first, but not the only ones, to construct highly advanced saucer-shaped aircraft, was accompanied by reproductions of technical drawings of a World War II flying saucer.” Harbinson has, since then, written the successful five-volume ‘Projekt Saucer’ fiction series, which does little to question these sources.

Quite why the Germans would have called it ‘Projekt Saucer’ is a mystery in itself. The drawings in no way resemble saucers, ‘saucer’ is not a German word, and the term ‘flying saucers’ didn’t appear until 1947 when a journalist mistook Kenneth Arnold’s description of the way his objects moved in the air for a description of what they looked like. But these drawings – supposedly “altered by the West German government to render them ‘safe’ for publication” – seem to have formed the basis for the Vril and Haunebu myth.

‘UFO Magazine’ co-owner Mark Ian Birdsall, in his uncritical paper ‘The Ultimate Solution’ asserts that it was Harbinson himself who found ‘Brisant’, though Harbinson himself doesn’t make that claim

“Harbinson while researching ‘Genesis’ paid a visit to the semi-Northern city of Hannover in the late 70′s. It was here that he reportedly attended a science lecture exhibition at the ‘Hannover Messe Hall’. Whilst looking around the hall, Harbinson arrived at stand number 111, it was here that he was handed a magazine called ‘Brisant’.”

I have written to Harbinson via his publishers (no response yet, some weeks on) to ask for further information about ‘Brisant’, because it is clearly – if it ever actually existed – a key document in this investigation. Henry Stephens of the German Research Project (which sells all sorts of Nazi-related material, including some which is overtly anti-Semitic) offers copies of what he says are some pages, and claims that the originals of ‘Brisant’ were lost by Harbinson’s publishers: so I’ve also asked about that.Vanguard Science/KeelyNet/Al Pinto

In ‘Secrets or Lies’ I asked about Net material by “Al Pinto” or “Tal”, apparently “Sponsored by Vangard Sciences, PO Box 1031, Mesquite, TX 75150, USA” which “apparently quotes an article written by Vesco for Argosy Magazine, August 1969, which goes some way beyond what is included in Intercept. Additional material re Nikola Tesla and Viktor Schauberger is added to quotes from Vesco and Lusar, particularly a claim that Schauberger had developed the ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’ at Malthausen Concentration Camp, using prisoners to do the work. Who are “Al Pinto” and “Tal”, and what is “Vangard Sciences”?”

The ‘Vanguard Science’ (correct spelling) material is one of the major sources of disinformation re ‘Nazi UFOs’, so it was interesting to receive, indirectly, an e-mail from a member. This was from a Jack Veach who said (inter alia) that

“Mr McClure makes some very positive statements debunking a great deal of untruths about Nazi UFOs, however I would like to offer him a website and an email whereby he might find more information about Mr Renate Vesco.

I am a member of Vanguard Science, not Vangard Science, as he has listed. this is a civilian group of folk, here in the Dallas-Ft worth area that are open-minded about the verity of science and have taken it upon ourselves to study Tesla, Keely, and a host of others we feel have been given the short-end of the stick with respect to technology and applications thereof.

Mr Jerry Decker and Mr Chuck Henderson could much better avail you of information about Mr Vesco and his work. I personally had an English translation of one of his works I gave away about ten years ago pursuant the German V-7.

My father and his C.O. both saw Foo Fighters over Europe during WWII, so that much is real. Neither my dad nor Col. Lasly knew anything about UFOs, nor had any interest in them. What they did say was that between the Foo Fighters and the Me-262s they encountered, they felt they would be killed before the war was over in Europe.

I hope that will clear some things up for Mr McClure with respect to Vanguard Science and Mr Vesco and hopefully all of us can clear the riddle of the Nazi UFOs from all the smoke and mirrors that unfortunately come to the fore on something of this nature.”

A friend sent an e-mail back to Mr Veach, expressing my interest in receiving further information about Vesco, but no response was forthcoming.

I’ll make sure that a copy of this paper reaches messrs Veach, Decker and Henderson, because I suspect that they have fallen for the nonsense purveyed in the ‘Argosy’ article: which, of course, also has Vesco at university and the German Institute for Aerial Development in his early teens, and working secretly – so secretly even Vesco himself wasn’t aware of it – for two separate Italian government ministries. One of the nastiest, most gratuitous, most insulting fictions in all of this is that slave labourers – and remember that word ‘slave’, because slavery and death were what it was all about – at the Nazi concentration camp at Malthausen worked and died building flying saucers. One of the lines of enquiry I intend to follow is to contact Holocaust survivor organisations to see what they think of this assertion, so widely publicised by Vanguard Sciences. If ‘Al Pinto’, ‘Tal’, Veach, Decker, Henderson and their friends didn’t make it up themselves it would be more than interesting to know where they say it originated, and what steps they took to verify it prior to publication. And if anyone out there has any information about the background, or maybe the political affiliations, of these people, that would be very helpful.

Unnamed Soldiers

Some of you might have come across my various comments on the ‘unnamed soldier’ phenomenon – the spreading of disinformation by ex-military or pseudo-ex-military personnel. Tony Dodd, for instance, has proved to be a prime target.

It may be that Bill Rose (see above) has been targeted in a similar, only far more sophisticated way: the professional manner in which the Vril and Haunebu material has been marketed, complete with its neo-Nazi undertones, and including the availability of supposed pictures of wartime German discs, leads me to think it could be a possibility. But a much more glaring example comes from a recent Internet posting, also published by ‘Nexus’ (they don’t have to pay much for writers, can they?), allegedly coming from one “Fabio Di Rado”.

This is, supposedly, an account of the real secrets of the ‘foo fighters’, told by a former Italian Resistance member who became so close to the SAS in Southern Italy from 1943 to 1945 that he was able to see films taken of them taken by allied planes but (and does this seem familiar?) could only show “Italian researcher Fabio Di Rado” stills taken from these. In a particularly modern twist this nameless witness did not, however, say that he believed that they were of German manufacture. Instead, he supposedly said

“Those machines, if we can call them that, could perform such quick and agile movements that they were unlikely to have been built by human beings. You can believe me – foo-fighters couldn’t be Nazi – otherwise they could have won the war easily. The more likely hypothesis . . an Air Force coming from other worlds was among us.”

The dead giveaway to this tale lies in the beginning of the account

“During the Spring of 1998 I went with another person to an inland village of Sicily to meet an 80-year-old man who claimed to have some unknown documents about foo fighters.

When we arrived at a farmhouse in the heart of the countryside, our witness showed us into a room which seemed to be his private study . . We were ordered not to take pictures; we could only make notes. To our disappointment, we had to accept this. I was given a copy on high-resolution CD-ROM of the pictures and documents that I saw there in the original version, with some censored parts.”

Ah yes, what would we do without rural Italian 80-year-olds and their high resolution CD-ROMs?Conclusions, Notes and Queries

I hope that you’ve found this investigation, to date, as interesting as I have. Subject to the emergence of further or different evidence, my view is that we have now disposed of all the substantive claims of actually flying German wartime discs that fall within the material by Vesco and Lusar – Feuerball, Kugelblitz and the ‘Schriever, Habermohl, Miethe and Bellonzo Flying Disc’. It is also clear (as if there was ever any real doubt) that the Vril and Haunebu craft are no more than fantasies of an often rather unpleasant kind, purveyed for reasons that warrant further investigation.

If my – still tentative – conclusions are correct, then they don’t just dispose of most of the Nazi UFO legends, but they also have some importance for the early years of Ufology. The ‘German secret weapon’ explanation for early sightings, particularly in South America, still has its admirers, and I think that they’re probably wrong: at least, in that if flying discs were developed, it wasn’t on the basis of technology tried and tested during the years of the war, There’s no hard evidence to show that either the Americans or the Russians brought any saucer-builders out of Germany, or that those they did bring out ever built any saucers. It very much appears that those who claim to have built various saucers, alone or with others, all made those claims for the first time in newspapers or magazines after – and usually several years after – the Arnold sighting in 1947. I intend to write to real war and engineering historians to ask them to check my findings, but it seems most likely that the ‘saucer-builders’ were fantasists, with various reasons for saying what they did, one of those reasons probably being the retrospective glorification of the achievements of a military machine that had been convincingly defeated not so many years before.

There are, still, mysteries to resolve, and I’ll hope to come to these over the next few months, and report back again. Apart from the Foo Fighter material, which contains to be intriguing and difficult to explain, there is the whole ‘Nazi escape’ myth, in which the use and preservation of secret, superior technology in reaching South America, the Antarctic or whatever plays such a major part. There is, too, the concept of an alien/Nazi liaison, which probably grew from the ‘Nazis and the Occult’ material that has enthralled so many over the past quarter-century. Several of the motifs of modern ufology – including the concept of back-engineering crashed and retrieved alien craft – have appeared in relation to wartime discs over recent years, the Germans obviously being years ahead of the Americans in this respect, if no other.

Other complex and persistent claims need to be resolved. Not least is the Montauk material, which features ever-increasing, ever-grosser Nazi links and claims of high-level alien technology. The work of Bill Lyne will bear close analysis, and we can also hope to dispose, one way or another, of the assertions made by author W A Harbinson in his ‘Projekt UFO’ book, and in his novels, too. Pinning down the origins of ‘Brisant’ may be a breakthrough, as will obtaining copies of all of the newspaper articles by the ‘saucer-builders’. Information dealing with any of these matters, anything else you think might be relevant, or (especially) that I’ve got wrong will be greatly appreciated.

Fresh thanks are due, among others, to Wayne Spencer, JC Carbonel, Maurizio Verga, Peter Williams, Martin Kottmeyer, Tim Matthews, Claude Mauge, and Eduardo Russo for their help and assistance.

October 1999

Please feel free to distribute the complete text of this paper to anyone, any organisation, or any site you think would be interested


The Box Hill Tunnel: An Anorak’s Paradise or A Passage To Narnia? Rory Lushman

box hillThe Box Hill tunnel is situated on the Great Western region of our ever decreasing rail network. This tunnel can be found in Wiltshire, a county that many ufologists head for in the summer months in their quest for a fix and that fix being – crop circles. Many would claim that Wiltshire is the focal point for UFO activity in the UK. The Wiltshire soup consists of, ancient sites, military bases and “unusual events”, all mixed together to form one mighty weird county or so we are led to believe by the UFO paranoia sweeping the county.

Now, how could a railway tunnel be caught up in all this weirdness. The Box Hill Tunnel is 1 mile, 1452 yards long and is situated on the Chippenham to Bath line. Matthew Williams has been looking into this tunnel; it’s dark. I have emailed Matthew a few times and some of his comments have helped me. I would like to thank Matthew for putting up with my questions. Matthew told me that there is a secret tunnel that goes to Rudloe Manor from within the Box Tunnel.

Now let’s assume just for the minute that there was a tunnel within the tunnel. How would access be gained off the main-line. It would take a set of points to steer the offending train into said tunnel. Speculation has it that the “secret” entrance is accessed from the London side or Thingley Junction side of the tunnel. If a train was approaching from the London end, it would need to cross over onto the adjacent line and then come off at the points. Trains drive on the left, just as we do on the roads, there are exceptions to this but the left side rule is the norm.

So given that the train approaches on the left line as you look at the tunnel, it would traverse a set of points, then leave into the secret tunnel via another set of points. Now, what happens when the train leavesthe location. Basically it can only go out the way it came in, back towards London. If it was required to go in the direction of Bath, it would either have to reverse out of the tunnel, then traverse another set of points to enable it to get back on the left track or the locomotive would have to run around its train to get it at the right end. If the locomotive had to run around its train, where would it do this? It could pull the train out of the tunnel and at a suitable set of points run around to the other end of the train. Now this practise is quite common in certain parts of the country, especially when shunting freight trains. If all the above was true, surely someone would have spotted these unique movements within the area. You have to remember that there are high speed trains passing all the time and all this shunting can only hold up procedures. Mind you, is it done in the middle of the night? I doubt it as there are quite a number of freight and high speed trains during the night as well.

If the tunnel entrance was accessed from the Bath side, the same manoeuvring problems would have to be overcome. If there was a secret tunnel, what would be sent into there, is it still used and if its disused, why has it been abandoned? Probably questions we will never get an answer to.

As rumours spread in ufology, they also spread in all other walks of life. Railways certainly have their share of rumours. If you speak to any rail employees, especially Great Western division employees, many will tell you that there is a secret tunnel within the Box Hill Tunnel. Is it a hiding hole for UFOs or is it a secret place into which we can find out more about UFOs. Matthew Williams says that UFO reports are sent to Rudloe Manor, is the secret tunnel of any significance or is it just a tale handed down from generation to generation to add a bit of sparkle to otherwise bored employees.

The railmen have their own version of the Holy Grail and it’s certainly not UFOs. So what could be down in the tunnels that would get railmen whispering in corners. Well anoraks and gricers of the world unite and prepare to besiege the Box Hill Tunnel, for there in that dank, dark hole, lies the STRATEGIC RESERVE. The strategic what?

The Strategic Reserve is an oubliette for old steam engines from bygone days. Train crews recount tales of locomotives going missing without a trace. When a locomotive is scrapped, as with a car, this is meant to be recorded. Rail employees tell stories of locomotives disappearing, supposedly scrapped but when they visit the site of the carnage, no trace can be found. Many of the steam locomotives of the class 8 and 9f’s supposedly vanished into the Twilight Zone.

Although rail crews will tell you its mainly locomotives that went missing, many types of other equipment are in store. Things like jeeps, weapons all have encountered the phantom scrapman. So what is the purpose of the Strategic Reserve? There are a number of reasons for having a strategic reserve. The main reason put forward is the oil crisis back in the 70′s. Much of the worlds oil is found in Arabic countries and if there was a fall out with these people oil would run short, hence the use of steam trains, as we have plenty of coal stockpiled, supposedly. More sinister is the thought that steam engines would not be affected by the blast from a nuclear strike. This is probably bordering on paranoia. It would make sense to hold back equipment in case on an emergency but steam engines, bah humbug. Rail staff say there are many locations up and down the country where locomotives are kept. We do not hear rumours of masses of diesels being stored away. In the late 80′s and early 90′s, many classes of diesel went to the wall. This theory would lend itself well to the oil crisis scenario.

Many of the rail crews suggest that not only is the Box Tunnel an anoraks paradise but it is the place where the top brass would assemble in the event of a nuclear war. Rumours are rife that there is a ½ mile long platform along with an underground marshalling yard within this secret complex. They also suggest that the facility has room for over 4000 people and I’m sure the likes of you and me will not be on that list. They also suggest that this location has been chosen because its so far underground and it’s very near to other military locations, with quick access to runways etc.

If steam trains were being kept how would they prevent rust from spreading within the boiler. If you filled the boiler with deoxygenated water, this would prevent rust. The temperature within a tunnel is constant, whatever time of year it is. Obviously the portal ends would fluctuate with the outside temperature but deep in a sealed tunnel, the temperature would not fluctuate.

Now the problem comes, when you want to fire up the boilers on the steam engines. In an underground facility, where would this be carried out, as the soot, smoke and steam would create an unbearable atmosphere. They would have to be readied in an open environment, heaven for the anoraks. In an emergency and at short notice, steam engines would not be very practical as they take up to 8-9 hours to get up to steam.

“Err General, we’ve just had a nuclear strike and all the diesels have failed, we need to move some equipment fast.”

“Can you come back in 10 hours time please, when the kettle has boilt.”

What we must remember as well, is where would the steam locomotives get their coal and water from, as the coal bunkers and water towers have long gone. Where are all the turntables to turn the engines in the right direction? Running a locomotive tender first for long distances is not good practise. Its bad enough running forward with the limited view from a steam train but backwards at speed, it takes a confident driver!

Steam locomotives may be useful only after a nuclear strike for moving stuff but they are not instantly ready and not very practical or realistic.

If you go through the Box Tunnel and head towards Bath, you come across another tunnel, called Middle Hill. On the downside of the line (tracks moving away from London) on the Bath side of the tunnel, there are some disused platforms near the location of Shockerwick. At the end of the platform there are some stairs to an underground passage. It takes a sharp left and climbs up the hill. This was probably an old tunnel left over from the war. Could people from both ufology and the rail network be confusing the tunnel at Shockerwick for the tunnel at Box Hill. It is very easy to get wires crossed and maybe the rumours of tunnels have got mixed up. People who like a good mystery could associate a rumour of a secret tunnel with the Box tunnel. The Box Tunnel is well known but the Middle Hill tunnel is not. Could someone have visited the tunnels at Shockerwick and spread the word. People not in the know may have associated the tunnel to Box rather than Middle Hill, as it is known to many people.

People then could assume that the tunnel being secret could lead to Rudloe. Its very easy to get involved in this game of Chinese whispers. The whole sorry tale is a mish mash of rumours and speculation.

I think the whole thing is what you want it to be. Ufologists want it to be a place where there is a great UFO cover up. Rail enthusiasts want it to be their own version of the X-Files. Many rail employees claim that locomotives have gone missing, including some of the famous Blue Pullman units, all of which were meant to have been scrapped. Again speculation says that one unit was converted to a strategic mobile unit and painted black.

There are reports of steam locomotives being painted in all black, with their numbers and any identification marks removed. We had black helicopters, now we have black trains. Helicopters can fly out of sight but trains can only go where the rails take them, so I think this one is a red herring and complete bull manure.

So here is my recipe for a good mystery soup:- Wiltshire Soup. Find one county with military bases in it. Stir in a ½lb of Rudloe bullshit. Put a sprinkling of UFO rumours in. Add 60 steam locomotives. Put in a dark tunnel for a few years. Bring it out into the daylight. Bring it to the boil and serve to gullible people up and down the country with a slice of conspiracy bread. Top with unsubstantiated rumours and tales. ENJOY.

Another reliable source told me (well I think he was reliable, everyone else gets away without proving their sources) that there is a tunnel entrance into Rudloe but it is not accessed from within the tunnel but from a portal on the Chippenham side. This portal is meant to be outside where everyone can see it, although locked up. So now we have three possible sites. The Box Hill Tunnel, Shockerwick and now a portal on the up line of the line to Chippenham. My contact says that the portal is only wide enough for one track and all the rails to it have been lifted. If you look at the portal on the Chippenham side of the tunnel, then look to the right at about 200 yards before Box, there is a disused cutting which takes you to the portal. We will be visiting the site shortly. The portal is only one track wide. My contact worked on the Signalling and Telecomms side of the rail network. He has walked through the Box Hill Tunnel on three occasions and not once did he see a portal into any “secret base”. He tells me that there could not be points inside the tunnel as the signal protecting it is an automatic one. An automatic signal, changes to red as soon as a train passes it, so that no other train smashes into the back of it. Once the train passes the next signal, the tunnel signal would go to orange or double orange. Double orange is preliminary caution i.e. the next signal is a single orange, which is caution and so the final signal will be red; danger.

Automatic signals allow for faster running trains, eliminating the signal box – in this case controlled from Bristol Temple Meads – interfering with the operation. The signal box can over-ride an automatic signal. You following this? Any section of track that has a junction ahead of it, would not have an automatic signal before it. The rule approaching an automatic signal is that if the light remains red, you may after two minutes approach the next section very cautiously. This would only apply if the section ahead was a segment without a junction before the next signal. If there was a junction ahead, this could have disastrous consequences if the two minute rule applied. Any train moving towards a junction without authorisation runs the risk of crashing into another, or having the points set against it, taking the train onto a wrong line. Today most signals are equipped with phones connected to the signal box, so a driver can double check before proceeding. So from this, we can conclude that there can be no entrance within the Box Tunnel to any secret location. The common consensus amongst ufologists and railmen is that the tunnel is disused. I cannot find one person who has ever seen a set of points within the Box Tunnel at any time. If the tracks had been lifted, when did this happen?

The favourite location for an entrance into a base, would probably be from the portal on the Chippenham side of the line, a completely separate site. Slightly out of the way but still visible from the line, not very secret.

Having walked through the tunnel, my contact says there are eight telephones spaced at regular intervals. These phones would connect you to the signal box. Next time you go on a train, look at the signal and you will see about 4ft off the ground, a telephone attached to the post. He also says there are a number of rooms within Box, about 8ft square, where the permanent way gangs – people who maintain the track – keep their tools etc. The Box Hill Tunnel was built for the Great Western Railway who built wide gauge railways. The initials GWR were often referred to as “Gods Wonderful Railway.” The rest of the UK used what we now know as the standard gauge. People travelling in and out of the GWR would have to change trains as the difference in gauges would not allow through-running. The GWR finally had to admit defeat and made their tracks standard. So many of the old tunnels and bridges have more space between them and the trains than the rest of the country.

My contact also says he has never signed the Official Secrets Act, even though working in the Box Hill Tunnel. He knows of no other person who has signed the OSA. Matthew Williams told me his informant – who is meant to be ringing me and never has – had signed the OSA. I can accept that people who work on sections of line that connect to a government, i.e. an ROF establishment, do sign the OSA. My contact and many other rail employees, I have spoke to, have not signed the OSA. So we can conclude from this that there is nothing of significance attached to any rail connection to Rudloe, now or in the past. If there are steam locomotives within Box Hill, then this is truly an anoraks paradise, maybe they dream they will go there when they die, the rail buffs Valhalla.

As I have said many times, secret bases, contain secrets but this does not mean an ET connection. Rudloe Manor both for rail and UFO enthusiasts has become a dreamers mirror, you see there what you want to see. What few facts there are, get intertwined with a tangle of lies, rumour, speculation and the search for a truly weird and wonderful railway.

I bet Issy Brunel is laughing in his grave. To think all these years on, a simple railway tunnel – though not simple to build – would attract the attention of the classiest anoraks in the UK. We love a good conspiracy and we love to fall into the trap by jumping on every little bit of information, no matter where it has come from. We then pass this down or on to other people, who in turn add their little bit of “conspiracy” to it.

However the tunnel was built and aligned so the sun shone down it on Issy’s birthday, April 9th. Due to not allowing for atmospheric refraction, the sun actually shines down it from April 6th to the 8th and misses his birthday.

There are bound to be truths wrapped up in all this confusion but in our haste to make a story more exciting, we cannot discern the truth from the lies. As an over worked phrase goes, “the truth is out there” but then so are the lies and the poor information that leads us to inane conclusions.

Where has they myth of secret locations for steam trains come from. Most of the tales come from railway workers across the country, who recount unusual events. Two such claims involve train crews who were relieved of their duties for the day, only having worked five minutes. Their locomotives were taken away by new crews and were supposedly never seen again. The crews who had only done five minutes, were told to go home and they would receive full pay.

Whilst these tales or myths come from railway workers, we are looking at another site that has parts of a village community baffled but that’s another story. The location of this site will be revealed in the next DOWN TO EARTH magazine, issue 5. Copyright of Rory Lushman 1998.

This case is still ongoing and we are investigating another location that is part of the Strategic Reserve Myth. We were recently watched by the police at a site that was abandoned years ago but still had surveillance cameras there. Why? However we do not believe for one minute that there is a UFO connection at this site.

If anybody has more information on the Strategic Reserve, either here in the UK or similar cases abroad, then please email me at [email protected] or [email protected]

Taken from the Pendle, Hyndburn UFO Network’s magazine Down To Earth, Volume 1, Issue 4.

March 1999 update:

Since the article was written we have located the “secret” tunnel. This is located next to the main portal of the Box, in a deep cutting, not easily seen by the public. The Bath end of the tunnel is very visible to the public and indeed there are many pictures of this end. There are few pictures of the London end. Rudloe Manor is situated on the top of Box and so there always seemed to be some sinister connection hinted at from the railway tunnel below.

On many rail forums, there were doubts to whether this tunnel next to the main Box portal on the London end ever existed. I think the photograph we published a few months back proved it did. Whilst there were doubts the smaller tunnel existed, there seemed to be a feeling that the secret tunnel was actually located from within the depths of the Box Tunnel. We have proved that signalling arrangements ruled this out. This would have been very dangerous.

I think many researchers have proved that the UFO connection, weak as it may have been, has disappeared from Rudloe.

The myth of steam trains being kept in the Box tunnel needed to be resolved. The train featured entering the “secret” tunnel is an ammunition train. This is what this site was intended for, along with the other site at Monkton Farleigh, a few miles away.

Take a look at the diesel engine in the picture. [This picture is unfortunately currently unavailable] It has a cut down cab to allow it to work in the narrow tunnels within. This is work that would have needed to be done especially to reduce the cab size. Some say it was carried out at Swindon. A standard locomotive would not fit into this tunnel, so bang goes the theory that there are steam trains locked away in this tunnel.

This smaller tunnel was originally a test tunnel before work commenced on the main line tunnel next to it. The smaller tunnel was taken over for the war effort.

The smaller tunnel is now protected by iron doors. Behind the doors, there are rooms off to the sides, we have pictures of these. About 200 yards back there is a wall and behind this wall there are still the original tracks.

I have met a number of people who claim to have been in this tunnel, one way back in the 1940′s.

I think, even though there may be speculation the tunnel is still used for housing something, I’m sure its not UFO’s or trains. Its probably just used as a dumping ground for excess materials.

There are a number of books that talk about these great underground cities and there are a number of web sites that show the interior of Monkton Farleigh. Since these tunnels have fallen into disrepair, there are always those that think there is some great conspiracy lurking away in the depths.

I think we can safely say the rail myth at the Box is now dead.



Abduction Watch 19 and 20



Number 19/20, July 1999


This is a special internet edition of AW. I must apologise for the long delay since the last issue, which has primarily been caused by back problems, now substantially improved. I know that AW has many readers on the Net – though I wish more of you would communicate directly with me: if you’ve forgotten how to use paper, send me a disk saved in .rtf format, and share your thoughts and ideas – and I wanted to put something out for you as soon as possible. For readers of the paper version this should come out in the next couple of weeks as a triple issue with extra material, hopefully including professional and informed comments on the DNA analysis of the (oh no!) “strand of alien hair” mentioned below. Anyway, I hope you’ll enjoy this unbelieving overview of the (with acknowledgements to the excellent Spectrum magazine) ‘abduction myth-arc’.

Abusing the Holocaust

Along with the use of regression hypnosis, the other really nasty tactic adopted to force belief in alien abduction is to parallel abduction with the Holocaust. Budd Hopkins – who also first validated the use of amateur, purposive regression hypnosis – opens his second book, Intruders with ‘A Note to the Reader’.

“One of the many things we don’t like to admit about the human mind is its basic inability to accept or even to vividly imagine an ‘unrealistic’ or deeply unpalatable truth. Though we can entertain any wild idea ‘in theory’, a profoundly unsettling concept can be almost impossible to believe – to really believe – despite the weight of evidence and the pressure of logic. One historic example of our inability to comprehend and believe a chilling truth is delineated in Walter Laquer’s book The Terrible Secret, a work dealing with the Holocaust. Laquer’s research established that by the end of 1943, when a sizeable portion of the world’s population had read or been told of Hitler’s systematic liquidation of the Jewish people, this ongoing horror was simply not believed. The Nazis were evil, we seemed to be saying, and truly barbaric, but that – the systematic murder of children and old people and men and women – that just couldn’t be true.

Obviously, in this context even eyewitness accounts were irrelevant. Laquer describes a meeting between Jan Karski, a Polish eyewitness to the slaughter, and Judge Felix Frankfurter, a man whose brilliance and intellectual resiliency cannot be doubted. Karski told Frankfurter of what he had seen and heard, but Frankfurter replied that “he did not believe him. When Karski protested, Frankfurter explained that he did not imply that Karski had in any way not told the truth, he simply meant that he could not believe him – there was a difference . . . The possibility that extraterrestrial intelligence may already be visiting our planet, as the UFO evidence implies, and treating the human species as laboratory specimens for some elusive and perhaps unfathomable purpose – that is a truly disturbing idea. We all know, of course, a basic scientific truth: It can’t happen here. Justice Frankfurter’s remark is apt: despite the eyewitness description and all the other categories of evidence, “I just cannot believe it.”

Demonstrating how this argument appeals to those who have publicly committed themselves to a probably irrational belief in interaction with aliens, I understand that during a debate with James Oberg on March 31 this year, Dr Steven Greer of the increasingly barmy CSETI “opened the general session with comparing people who refuse to believe in UFOs with neo-Nazis who deny the Holocaust ever happened.”

The simple, devastating fact is that while the physical, documentary and personal evidence of the Holocaust is too compelling and vast to comprehend, there isn’t one single item of tangible, objective evidence that even one human being has ever been abducted by aliens. And it is a gross and disgusting insult to both victims and survivors of Nazis to even make the comparison, let alone to twist it in this way. But there is a useful point to be made here, and I would like to suggest an entirely different parallel between the process that led to the Holocaust, and the process – so much in Hopkins’ ownership, though adopted by so many others – which has led to the worldwide belief in alien abduction. And, more important, to the belief that some human beings are somehow less than human: that they are ‘abductees’.

All prejudice, all race-hate, all genocide, has its roots in identifying and imposing difference. Sometimes, that difference is identified in a pseudo-scientific manner, typified by the eugenicists whose claims that differences between racial and ethnic groups could be established by measurement were adopted by so many politicians and governments in the early part of this century. In some countries – like the UK – its influence dwindled in the face of reason and compassion. In others – like Sweden – it was adopted as a justification for official action to prevent sexual reproduction by those who were judged sufficiently different to denigrate the health and well-being of the nation’s breeding stock. In others – and particularly in Nazi Germany – it was adopted as an excuse for the slaughter of those who, by virtue of their difference, were determined as being less than human, inferior to those making the identification, and therefore unfit to live. Behind the political expediency lay a genuine belief held by many of those responsible for the genocide of Jews and gypsies, that their failure to be fully human meant that they could be used and abused at will by those who were their superiors. The adoption of similar attitudes to homosexuals and intellectuals is a little more complex, but undoubtedly has its roots in the identification of difference, too.

Thus, in Germany, the dehumanisation of the Jews had its distant roots in eugenics, in the pseudo-scientific identification of difference between those with ‘Jewish’ physical characteristics, and those with ‘Aryan’ characteristics. As time went on the differences were progressively emphasised and publicly demonstrated: in the wearing of the yellow Star of David, the marking of business premises, the blaming of the Jews for public disorder to justify oppression, public humiliation, ghettoisation, and finally deportation and death for the most fortunate, the suffering of forced labour and starvation for those who survived for a time, and medical experimentation and/or abuse for many. All on the basis that Jews were different, generation after generation, when they weren’t. That breeding with them, or even allowing them to breed, was dangerous and would produce non-human offspring. And the belief – so grimly reflected by Jacobs, Hopkins, Dodd, Pope and others – that a higher race may do what it wishes to a lower race, without comeback, and almost without questioning. The lesson from the Holocaust is not one of daring to believe without meaningful evidence. It is that believing without meaningful evidence is likely, where it involves telling human beings that they are different to, or less than, human, to end in tragedy.

Moving Forward?

Over the past few months I’ve been reviewing the role and effectiveness of AW. Abduction scepticism is undoubtedly in for a hard time. A new book by John Mack is on the way, his completely irrelevant academic position no doubt likely to seduce yet more reasonable and well-meaning people into believing in the reality and ubiquity of the Greys. Speilberg is reported to be creating a massive new series of programmes covering the ‘history’ of ‘abduction’, to be called ‘Taken’. Speilberg’s extraordinary visual persuasiveness will lead millions at least to assess the credibility of the abduction myth on the basis of what they see depicted on screen, without realising how ephemeral, deceptive and self-contradictory the actual evidence is. Many viewers will simply believe what they are shown, and we will face our most difficult task yet in dealing with those beliefs. We are also stuck with Joe Firmage, a frighteningly rich American with a probable core experience (see below) and a crusade to go on. Anybody who believes in the validity of the investigative techniques of Linda Moulton Howe, as Firmage seems to, is likely to present problems to rational and scientific thinking, and as he spends freely to confirm his own sanity and his desire to have been chosen, others will be hurt by the fallout. He’ll lose interest eventually, just wait and see.

All this, however, presents quite a challenge to the small numbers of us trying to resolve the abduction issue, and to prevent excessive harm to those persuaded of its reality. So, heartened by the interest aroused by its absence and the many thoughtful communications wishing me and it well I just thought through the usefulness of AW, and whether the limited time and resources could be better utilised. I decided that there are probably three lines of approach worth taking.

  1. To continue to press for rational explanations and meaningful proofs of wild and irrational assertions of alien existence and intervention in human life. This has the advantage not only of keeping some sort of ongoing pressure on those making and publishing those claims, and of encouraging concentration on new claims as they occur, but it can also be great fun. I want to stick with that element of fun because it’s vital to balance the general gloom and confusion likely to be induced by pursuing the other two lines of approach.
  2. To consider whether there is a persistent and identifiable core human experience involving a perception of contact and interaction with non-human intelligence. This perception appears to have been interpreted in different ways in different times and places in relation to its social and ‘knowledge’ context (by ‘knowledge’ I mean the scientific, religious and cosmological views prevailing at the time of interpretation). This seems likely to be an essentially internal experience, but may be related to, or simply coincidental with, some external trigger that is similarly unexplored. The investigation of any possible external trigger would probably need to cover a range including shamanistic communications, to reported visionary experience within a religious context, to supposed ‘car-stop’ and CE2/CE3 incidents within ufology.
  3. To assess – and this is the one with which I’m absolutely the least comfortable – the evidence for a possible manipulation of individuals, groups, and a fairly random wider public to believe in an oppressive, inescapable and damaging relationship between human and non-human – generally ‘alien’ – beings. In trying to deal with this aspect of the material to hand, I suggest that it may be helpful to assume that any such manipulation is relatively recent, and may be founded on the use of modern methods of communication. These methods – particularly the use of video and the Internet, and of easy DTP, too – are unprecedentedly open to such manipulation, and can be used to publish material of neither truth nor merit, without any of the selectivity that prevailed through the applying of standards and rationality in both media and publishing as late as the 1970s. I’m not a natural conspiracy theorist, but from the first soundings of the ‘unnamed soldier’ material a couple of years ago, I’ve grudgingly come to the address the question of why so much nasty and dangerous rubbish is being used to fool so many vulnerable and easily-damaged people in such a smooth, professional and often very profitable way. This isn’t Picknett and Prince’s ‘Stargate Conspiracy’ theory, intriguing though some of that is: I just don’t see the CIA at work here. But it’s becoming more difficult to believe that there isn’t some organised, sick inspiration behind much of what people have been made to believe.These lines of approach could be dealt with separately. I considered publishing a ‘Core Experience Bulletin’, which could be terribly worthy, and would probably attract quite a wide, respectful and respectable audience, as well as Albert Budden. I could also go down a ‘conspiracy behind the conspiracy’ route, and merrily accuse those who identify conspiracy behind every government press release and technological development of themselves being victims of a deeper, weirder and nastier conspiracy, which manipulates their own beliefs in the sure hope that they, with their burning desire for fame and, more often than not, money, will persuade others of the truth of the lies they are told. This would undoubtedly be intriguing, and probably accurate in some degree, but to do it in isolation really wouldn’t help resolve the overall question. And the overall question is? Well, do non-human intelligences really communicate with, and interact with, human beings? Or something like that.So, this will carry on being Abduction Watch, covering not only the questions raised in 2 and 3 above, but the full range of assertions of alien reality as well. In the end, the belief in abduction, inter-breeding, foetus capture, on-UFO child-rearing and the rest of it remains at the very summit of all these warped assertions. The publicity given to it, and the persuasive tactics used to convince the weak and vulnerable of its truth, amounts to something very, very close to abuse. But just telling people that isn’t going to change anything. Until we’ve cracked the questions about core experience and what is probably best described as ‘alien advocacy’, the disinforming of both researchers and the public in a remarkably organised and consistent way, we’ll never really understand what’s going on. There are some substantial demons out there, and I’m pretty certain that they’re human. Whatever they are, we need to start confronting all of them, and it seems best to do it within AW, which has won an established audience and, it seems, a little respect, too.Anyway, let’s have a look at some of the casualties of false reality that have come to light since February, starting with a variety of horrendous claims that symptoms of emotional and psychological distress, or serious physical illness, are indicators of abduction. More difference, more labelling . . .

Manipulation of health issues

No.1 : The Alien Love-Bite If there was a deliberate intention to include those who are troubled and vulnerable – women who are abused, or in failing or unsuccessful relationships – within the hypothetical “abductee population”, that intention could hardly be better fulfilled than by the extraordinary arguments of Eve Frances Lorgen in ‘The Love Bite’ in MUFON UFO Journal for January1999. Lorgen, of course, works with Derrel Sims and Roger Leir, and we have featured all three of them, and their unfathomable motivations, before . . .

“As an abductions researcher of 15 years, and from the perspective of female intuition, I contend that most ufologists and abduction researchers are so adamant about the nuts and bolts that they overlook the whole drama of what is taking place in abductees’ lives. Specifically, I am referring to a variety of alien-orchestrated human bonding dramas, relationship manipulations, and love obsessions that are carried out in the abductee population. . . . Throughout my experience studying and counselling abductees and ‘experiencers’, I can confidently say that the alien presence – or whoever is acting behind its image – exerts a heavy influence on their lives, sometimes down to the lovers they meet and even the very partners they choose to marry. . . . The love relationship set-up may include a number of bizarre synchronicities, vivid dreams, supernatural events, and bonding exercises during alien encounters. The orchestrated experiences are often intimate and sexual, such that one or the other cevelops an intense chemistry and love obsession with the targeted partner. Often, either person is married to – or has an existing relationship with – another mate. It makes no difference. . . . Many female abductees have entered into controlling and abusive marriages, ensuring a constant life of victimisation and crisis that prevents them from addressing the core issues of abductions. I believe these types of relationship problems are primarily due to unresolved abduction-related psychological issues, other personal family affairs, and direct interference by the alien handlers. . . . the point I want to make here is that these relationship issues are unique to the abductee population. They need to be addressed as such, taking into consideration the reality of alien abductions.”

There we go – it’s that “unique to the abductee population”. If you have any or all of these problems, you must be an abductee. What the hell is Lorgen – and MUFON – playing at, publishing this stuff?

No.2:  Betty Cash

In an obituary in MUFON UFO Journal for Feb. 1999 John Schuessler, long-time investigator and proponent of the supposed ‘Cash-Landrum’ encounter, said of Betty Cash that

“Betty died of health problems associated with injuries that were caused by her close encounter with a UFO exactly eighteen years ago. During the intervening years, Betty suffered more than anyone can imagine. Never a year passed that she wasn’t hospitalised and treated for complications arising from that initial extensive radiation exposure . . Betty and Vickie, with help from MUFON and attorney Peter Gersten, tried valiantly to find out what they had been exposed to and what could be done to offset the effects of the exposure. Hundreds of letters and telephone calls to government officials were either ignored or given little more than lip service. Even after she knew that it was too late to get answers that could reverse the damage her body had sustained, Betty fought on. She said it was important for the truth to be known . . Even though she didn’t win, she did make a dent in the bureaucracy. Even more, she helped a number of medical doctors understand the serious nature of exposure to some UFOs. None of them laughed at Betty, and they will be better prepared to deal with the problem the next time it occurs.”

No.3:  AIDS

New horrors emerge in Paranoia magazine for Spring 1999. Despite the apparently ironic title, Paranoia takes itself very seriously, and spreads fiction and panic like it was fact and news. Here it’s an article by Philip S. Duke, Ph.D. titled “The AIDS-ET Connection’. (unlike other contributors Duke seems to be real – he writes to Saucer Smear – but it would be interesting to hear more about his Ph.D.) Duke adopts a variety of ‘dark age’ proofs for his claims. Firstly, he sets out a tortuous argument that HIV could not have occurred accidentally, that it therefore occurred by design, it first occurred between 1940 and 1950 “when human science was quite incapable of such a feat”, so it must have had an extraterrestrial origin. Secondly, he introduces the secret government/alien liaison argument, saying that

“the ‘parent’ HIVs were selectively developed with the involuntary help of human abductees. Once developed, it would be easy to (but why?) selectively infect Africans and gay New Yorkers. Human abductions with medical exams and samplings would provide monitoring and additions to the pandemics, if desired.”

Duke then goes on to adopt the cattle mutilation myth-arc – surely created by the most outstandingly dim and depressing bunch of ‘investigators’ in the whole field – to argue that “No one had any idea why cattle mutilations were performed or why they take their specific nature, until the AIDS-ET Connection, which fully answers all these questions.” He asserts that

“The physical locus of the cattle mutilations correspond with HIV transmission in humans, except for the ear. The blood is a site of HIV replication in humans. Cattle mutilations are explained on the basis that animals are previously infected with HIV’s or related viruses and locator implants are placed in the ear. At the appropriate time (when is that?) the cattle blood with virus and antibodies is harvested, and transmission data is obtained by study of corresponding transmission sites. The ear is removed to facilitate locator device recovery with minimum exposure.”

Duke expresses his displeasure that NIDS and “other persons interested in cattle mutilations” will not agree to his request to HIV test mutilated cattle, or even their frozen blood. He says “I have the impression that they are afraid testing would confirm my hypothesis.” He goes on to use Jacobs’ material to validate the proposition that not all abductees are taken for alien/human hybridisation, but that some are used for HIV/AIDS purposes instead.

In a strange parody of scientific method, Duke wrote, not to doctors or scientists but to “prominent abduction researchers” seeking information regarding the HIV status of those identified as abductees. Even they wouldn’t respond to him – save one: our slightly-more-than-a-chiropodist acquaintance, author of The Alien and the Scalpel, Roger Leir. Leir’s response to Duke is said by Duke to make this claim

“A male abductee with implant tested positive for HIV until his implant was removed, after which he tested (and remains) HIV negative. The implant was hollow and contained a substance. Dr Leir wrote that he vouched for this result. Dr Leir also informed me that in the future HIV test status results will be obtained on all implant patients. Additional data can therefore be expected.”

As I write, in June 1999, I understand that Leir is in hospital after a heart attack, apparently induced by a patient’s complaint. It may be even less likely than usual that he will respond to enquiries regarding his claims, but if Leir really claimed that HIV can disappear instantly from human blood on removal of an implant, and that all his future guinea-pigs will be subject to ‘before and after’ HIV testing, then I suggest that he has lost touch with reality completely, and that his wretched book, with its assertions of alien manipulation of human genetics, should be considered in that light. As for Duke, he concludes that “All known phenomena relating to HIV/AIDS and ufology can, I suggest, be logically explained in terms of the gray alien agenda. That agenda is for the gray aliens to live here without us.”

No. 4: Max Burns and ME

Much has been said about Max Burns over recent months, and he has been widely adopted as an example of what is wrong with British ufology. To be fair to Burns, any research on the Sheffield incident was bound to look shabby and inadequate compared to Dave Clarke’s. Clarke is a particularly good researcher, who understands the application of rational, analytical thought to carefully established facts. Having skipped both the facts and the rational, analytical thought, Burns was at a terrible disadvantage, which is where he will remain until he puts some real work in.

With, however, all due respect to flying saucers, this was pretty marginal stuff compared to Burns’ other ‘research’ effort, summarised in his posting “Is there a connection between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – ME – and the alien abduction scenario?” Again, his facts are feeble – he knows an ‘abductee’ who “as well as having a long history of medical problems has been diagnosed with ME”. She is a member of an abductee group that meets in London. It has 20 members, 14 of whom have, apparently, “been medically diagnosed with ME”.

From a little reading and these unchecked, uninvestigated figures (and if this is the WSG I suspect it is, then some of its members have but a distant relationship with reality, and the nature and veracity of their supposed diagnoses may well be open to debate) Burns extrapolates absurdly. He reads that 70 to 80% of ME sufferers are women, and correlates this with a claim that 70/80% of abductees are women, too. He reads that 1 – 2% of the population may have ME, and correlates this with the pathetic claim of Hopkins and Jacobs that 1 – 2% of the “population of the planet . . are being abducted”. On this basis Burns, with a turn of phrase that must signify something about him, decides that “If the data represents the connection then this could well be a back door to Pandora’s box”, announces that “a figure of 10,000 abductees globally would have to submit data to gauge an accurate study”, and asks “for the assistance of abductee support groups”.

Burns then wanders speculatively on, making a succession of crackpot suggestions in sometimes barely comprehensible English,

“The abduction scenario is a direct symptom and brain disorder . . alien abduction is yet another symptom to this illness, a symptom which can manifest itself in the human brain as a memory . . ME is a direct result of the alleged alien implants, which it has been claimed by a large number of abductees to have been placed inside of their heads, and in some way be causing the illness because of the implants interruption by proximity to certain areas of the brain and the cause-effect of this is the human body receiving the incorrect information to function normally causing the multi-faceted symptoms of ME (Where’s Stanley Unwin, now that we need him?) . . these aliens are in some way draining energy from the alleged victim of these abductions, and the symptoms after these alleged incidents, do bear a striking resemblance to the symptoms of ME . . Perhaps the alleged abductee’s body chemistry is being altered and this . . is a further manipulation of the DNA structure of the human race to make it more compatible for the long term hybrid programme which may be causing the side effects that manifest themselves in the symptoms of ME.” (I’ve used the term ME throughout, rather than CFS).

While Burns rattles on about obtaining data which will then be offered for “medical and psychological comment”, he makes his personal agenda quite clear

“The objective is to supply undeniable data, and in the ideal world to force enlisting the scientific community to investigate this further, with an over all view to forcing the world governments to acknowledge that we are being visited by E.B.E.’s and that the abductions by so many are in a large number of cases what I personally believe to be true. I am in particular looking at the new enzyme that is present in the bodies of all people diagnosed with CFS and in the 1000 people tested who did not have CFS the enzyme was not present.

My research is progressing slowly into what may well turn out to be a connection with the identification of a new human enzyme and the alien abduction scenario. Although I am only speculating at this time, I feel that there is a distinct possibility that the enzyme will be present in all abductees and that all abductees actually have CFS or Fibro and that the symptoms are so minute in some abductees that they do not realise that they have the illness.”

So, let’s summarise. On the basis of twenty probably hurt, vulnerable and confused people in one closed and self-perpetuating abductee group in London, without medical or other evidence, alien abduction believer Burns has concluded – maybe tentatively, maybe not – that abductees have, as a result of their experience(s), a new enzyme in their bodies which will cause them to suffer the often completely debilitating effects of ME. He is not asking medicine or science to provide research evidence to test this ‘theory’, but is trying to obtain confirmation from other abduction believers, researchers, and ‘abductees’. To them, he addresses his supposition that those who have been, in his view, abducted, will have ME, even if they don’t realise it yet. If they believe Burns, then they’ll probably come to believe that they have ME, too, and such are the psychological elements of ME that they may well come to display some or all of its symptoms, to complement their personal disaster of believing in having been abducted. Just to give them that little extra encouragement, he ends this display of dangerous, unpleasant, unscientific exposition by saying

“I hope that upwards of 10,000 abductees will take the CFS survey on the site during the next twelve months. We may see that the huge increase in the percentage of abductees that have CFS is a global pattern, and returns the same high anomalous figure that it has with my initial investigation, circa 68% above the global national average per capita of 1 – 2% of the populous (sic).”

That’s it, Max. You set ‘em up, and the medical profession will try to help them in due course. 

Gordon Creighton’s Angels

Gordon Creighton, in FSR for Winter 1998, hits new depths of guillibility. If there’s one fact we all accept it’s that the US publication Weekly World News, while great fun, is essentially a work of fiction. It’s entertainment. It makes no pretence of being true. It originated the ‘London bus on the Moon’ approach to photo-journalism later picked up in the UK by the Sunday Sport, and recent headlines include “Christian bombshell in Jerusalem – 2,000-year-old letter from Jesus found!”, “Halo appears over 3-year-old girl’s head”, “Space aliens steal salesman’s cheap toupee”, “Tiny space alien saves balloon” and “10 Commandments found in Israel – broken stone tablets covered at secret archaeological site”.

Creighton had been sent cuttings from WWN from 1985 and 1986, which apparently reported that “Soviet astronauts aboard the space-station Salyut-7 had had the astounding experience of seeing enormous cosmic beings with wings as large as those of Jumbo jets.” The 1985 piece identified these as “gigantic angels”, and the 1986 revisited the supposed sighting saying that “Reports that Soviet cosmonauts sighted a band of angels on a space mission last summer have been disputed by a Russian researcher . . Dr Yury Manakov said the cosmonauts initially referred to the beings as angels simply because they had wings. But now that all the facts are in, he said there can be no doubt: the creatures descended from a race of humanoids who shed their bodies after reaching the top of the evolutionary ladder”.

“After the disappearance of the Soviet Marxist tyranny” (May 1998!) Creighton says he tried, but failed, to obtain confirmation of the reality of these fictional reports from inside the former Soviet Union, until the September 1998 issue of a Russian UFO magazine (NLO) to which he had sent the WWN pieces responded by publishing an article elaborating them yet further. Not only does it confirm the ‘angels’ tale, but introduces a new one

” . . when the Hubble (telescope) had been investigating the Galaxy NGG-3532, its sensors had recorded the appearance of seven bright objects in orbit around the Earth! From the first picture to be transmitted to them, the scientists were prepared to conclude that the Hubble had photographed some UFOs flying in a group. But on some of the photographs received later there were seen, somewhat dimly but nevertheless clearly detectable, “shined winged beings reminiscent of the Angels of the Bible!” John Pratchers, an engineer on the Hubble Project, said of them, “They were about 20 metres in height. And their wings were as long as the wings of the present-day aerobus airliners. Those beings radiate a powerful light. We are unable to say yet who or what they are. But it seemed as though they wanted us to photograph them!”

As we might expect of Creighton, he hasn’t bothered to check whether “John Pratchers” actually works for the Hubble Project, or whether he said what NLO claims. He just publishes this stuff, and even quotes a National Enquirer fiction – ‘Russians meet space aliens in orbit’ – from 1981. This encounter supposedly involved cosmonauts flashing torches at aliens to communicate numbers in Morse Code, and the aliens – who flashed numbers back – later floating in space, untethered without breathing apparatus, outside the windows of Salyut-6. All this rubbish will now go back round the world as true. 

Betty Trout and the line-dancing aliens

Accustomed as we are to the madness of ufology, the level of authority given to those who provide key examples of that madness continues to surprise. MUFON has allowed Beverley Trout to become MUFON State Director, to work with “abductees”, “showing the patience and skill of a psychotherapist” (it appears that she has no training in dealing with disturbed people), and to speak at its 1999 Symposium. She is not a young woman, but only retrieved her typically lurid abduction memories under hypnosis in 1991. “She had been abducted at four years of age from the back yard on her parents’ farm in broad daylight. In this incident, her reproductive system had been checked, and “some sort of corrections were made”. She also recalled “at age 11 being taken from a tractor in a hayfield. In that incident, an area above her right eyebrow was opened and a tiny coil was introduced which corrected an area of swollen brain tissue. A reptilian seemed to be in charge.”More recently, Trout remembered – again under hypnosis

“that while in the aliens’ custody I’d been approached by a ‘cowboy’ (with blanked-out facial features), then led before a group of ‘people’, all of whom were dressed in country-western clothing. But I instantly knew they weren’t dressed right – that their country-western garb was decidedly inappropriate. For example, instead of cowboy boots, they wore mud boots. Their clothing colors were badly coordinated, and for some reason they were shuffling their feet as they stood in lines before me. They didn’t look very lively, and I got the impression that they were disadvantaged somehow, that they needed help.

Later, I felt stupid for not instantly recognising what was happening – these were hybrids, and I was expected to teach them line dancing. I think that the alien scanning my computer later that night was probably going through the dance files stored there.” Beverley has, in fact, taught line dancing to literally thousands of people during the past eight years, as well as doing DJ work on holiday and party dance events in Des Moines, IA, and surrounding areas.”

As well as dealing with ‘abductees’ for MUFON, Trout teaches an “adult education class on UFOs through the Des Moines school system.” 

The Return of Tony Dodd – Alien Ambassador

You’ll probably have noticed that Tony Dodd is back, lecturing for the UFO Magazine conferences, and with a book I haven’t bothered to buy or read. If Dodd can’t tell me which wildly different version of the ‘Jason’ stories he’s put out (if either!) is true, I really can’t trust anything else he says. However, an interview in the dreaded X-Factor reveals a great deal about his belief system and, frankly, his psychological state. You may wish to decide for yourself whether a man who believes the following is fit or suitable to ‘investigate’ anybody who is probably already vulnerable and confused -” . . people generally don’t know that they’ve actually been abducted. So, in my investigations I look for certain things that they wouldn’t normally know about . . On more than one occasion, I’ve had one person under hypnosis, but have ended up speaking with somebody else; one of the aliens. I asked them what gave them the right to abduct people and the voice said: “We have every right to do this, you do not understand the nature of things.” The answers were so philosophical that I reasoned that I was talking to a highly intelligent entity . . I’m here – to disseminate information, to learn and to give it out. The contact that I have had told me that I’m here as some form of teacher. They told me this was decided before I arrived on Earth . . (humans are) being abducted until they reach puberty, at which point the visitors start taking eggs and sperm. We know that the aliens are making certain women pregnant. I know a woman who has been made pregnant by them twice and both times they’ve taken the baby . . The babies are half us and half them. They’ve definitely got the alien eyes; they have hair on their head, which we think is from the human side; the head is too large for the body and they also have very slim limbs. They do have the alien-type face, but some of them have a small nose, which is probably from the human side of the equation.”

Dodd is always boasting that he was a policeman, and both Redfern and Pope accept – at least publicly, maybe because it helps their fantasies along – that this lends him substantial credibility. But that was a good many years ago. The question is, would any Police force employ Dodd now? What do you think? 

Oh Jesus!

Let’s end on a lighter note. I suspect that not many of you buy Quest Magazine, the UK ancient astronaut/alternative history/paranormal magazine that appears in W H Smith’s from time to time. Appropriately for the man who has brought such openness, honesty and consistency to attempts to establish the facts about the Santilli ‘Alien Autopsy’ material, Philip Mantle has recently taken over from Bob Digby as Editor. It carries articles worse, longer, even more speculative than those in X-Factor-, and the standard of writing and proof-reading has sunk below that of Alien Encounters. If you could test the IQ of a magazine, you might conclude that it should be referred for special help.The cover of the issue for April/May 1999 promises us “Exclusive extracts – JESUS Last of the Pharoes”. It isn’t clear whether this mis-spelling refers to the islands that drew with the Scottish soccer team, or to the Egyptians referred to as “pharaohs” in the article itself. You need to read the whole article to realise how stupid it really is, but I feel I should draw your attention to a series of terrible errors in mainstream history that its author, Ralph Ellis, has, “fully supported by the established Biblical and historical texts” discovered. He has found that

“John the Baptist was high priest of Jerusalem, who was drowned in a baptismal font by Herod. It was the dripping head of Joseph (brother of Herod) that was brought to the palace, not John’s. Jesus was governor of Tiberias and he eventually became a popular rebel leader with a force of 600 men under his command. His top ranking commanders, the disciples, were manly (sic) drawn from his immediate family, his brothers James, Joset, Simon and not forgetting his twin brother Judas Iscarriot (sic). Jesus owned a large castle in Galilee, he married his sister Mary, after the pharaonic tradition, and had at least one son – Elimas. After fighting both Saul and the Romans in and around Tiberias, Jesus rode south to save Jerusalem, which was being besieged by both the Romans and the Jewish zealots under the command of Simon the Zealot. Jesus died in Jerusalem in AD 68, long after the established date for his crucifixion, whilst defending the sacred city.”

Ellis, who asserts the copyright of this nonsense, has apparently published a book titled Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs. If he hadn’t, I’d have assumed that this was simply an outrageously obvious hoax: much of Quest is filled by similarly non-factual material. How and why Ellis has come to disseminate this absurd – and to many offensive – fiction I don’t know, but it says much for Quest that it chose to publish it. 

Kevin McClure retains the copyright of all material published in AW, but if any responsible magazine or e-zine would like to reprint anything, I’m likely to agree if you ask in writing. Thanks.

When Jenny Met Joe. Jenny Randles

From Magonia 68, Autumn ’99

joe firmageMUFON’s last conference of the millennium (as Walt Andrus introduced it) was staged in Washington in July. Appropriately it was a remarkable reflection of the AC/DC nature of modern ufology, where the subject has become so polarised that we now have two warring factions. This is not ufologists versus the sceptics, but fringe ufologists against the last bastions of rationality.

MUFON, for example, put on some lectures that can only be termed bizarre – for instance the saga of what was effectively an alien dating agency that can set up female abductees with male abductees even if they are already married. As one audience member/would be abductee said to me, beaming with joy when the lecturer announced a book on the theme – it will be a bestseller. And of course it will.

Contrast that with the remarkable about face by former Roswell defender Kevin Randle, whose current writings (including a new book devastatingly assessing abduction beliefs) seems so British he probably ought to emigrate. Some of the dispirited old guard in the US fought back too with rationality. Bruce Maccabee, for example, gave a splendid hard headed talk in which he patiently explained why a couple of photo cases were not really UFOs whilst uncovering an intriguing Phoenix, Arizona photo case that may conceivably be the first solid evidence of a time lapse.

So there were, in effect, two conferences going on at the same time. No prizes for guessing which one the majority of the audience crammed to see, or the media (what few of them showed up amidst evident apathy) chose to report. Those who said, serious, sober ufology go stand in the corner.

However, for the media, thronging audience and MUFON (who even gave Budd Hopkins second billing behind the new rising star) one man dominated the event. The reporters and delegates swarmed about him like flies on a cowpat. There was an enraptured, zealous look about the 400 or so who watched his undeniably slick presentation and his name was pretty well all anyone was talking about afterwards.

Who was this man? He is Joe Firmage, (above) a 28 year old computer whiz kid who, outside the US, is a virtual unknown . Even in the US his prominence is very recent and until now largely based upon his ‘book’, published so far just on the internet (but watch out for what must be the near inevitable mass market edition, TV specials and movie of the week). It has the immodest title ‘theword is truth’.

Frankly, I had no idea who this man was or what to expect of him. But most who attended had formed some opinion and, whether they be ordinary UFO enthusiasts or leaders of the community this quickly transformed into adulation. Why did this man get a standing ovation and achieve cult status so speedily? I saw a very similar thing with John Mack at the MIT symposium in l992. Then it was because Mack was perceived as a hero riding in to save the abductees. He had so much to lose, they told me. Yet he was willing to stand up and support them. What a brave thing to do, I heard them croon. As a professor and Pulitzer prize winner many ufologists had other expectations of him. Mack would salvage their credibility and legitimise the field. As for his obvious great knowledge leading to anticipated breakthroughs – a little thought should have suggested what has proven to be true. Mack was up against all the same hurdles the rest of us face – confusing, conflicting evidence and virtual no solid proof for alien reality. Even a genius cannot be expected to do much with that.

There has been much the same sort of mood about Firmage. He has gone from zero to hero rapidly via the late 20th equivalent of the Hollywood film set – the internet. His web company employs 2000 people and was worth three billion dollars. His own fortune makes the annual budget of most UFO groups look like a generous tip to the waiter after a good night out.

Yet, heres the rub. Firmage had chosen to leave all that behind. He quit his company (apparently to spare it embarrassment through his new found beliefs) and has announced that the reason is his assertion of the alien presence on earth. They have been here for millennia in fact. How does he know? Three key reasons, it seems – as in fact only those at the pre-symposium press conference really got to hear.

Reason one, the evidence of ufology has convinced him. He thanked the many great folk at the conference, as he put it, who had been ‘doing this job longer than I have been alive’ (audible groans all round). They had done a great job but too few were listening. Unspoken (but I could hear it in my head) was the undercurrent, that it was maybe time to move on.

Reason two is worryingly familiar. Nameless, faceless ‘sources’ he has been contacted by during his business success – implied to be bigwig military or government types that his career allowed him to mix with – had admitted to Joe the aliens were here and all the UFO stuff was true. Who were they? When they are ready to own up then they’ll say. Right now he cannot breach their confidence.

Reason three, was the one he seemed less keen to discuss. But it appears to boil down to a ‘conversation’ with an alien image that he saw over his bed one night as he lay half asleep/half awake mulling over problems. It is interesting that many ufologists would seek altered states of consciousness solutions for such a visionary episode, but it clearly has more meaning than that to Joe.

So he is now here in ufology, its new cult hero and public mouthpiece and, the mutterings behind the scenes at the conference hinted to me, he has already staged meetings with some of the leaders of ufology (translation, I assume, the ETH supporters at the helm of US ufology). With what result? This is something we were told we should not have too long to wait and see.

However, I was struck by a curious lack of foresight by those doing the hero worship. Firmage’s well presented lecture was an entertaining and clever blend of expertly delivered future technology, fringe science and neo-mysticism. UFOs per se hardly got a mention except as a stepping stone to new science. Instead he reflected on how because of them we now had to reassess our entire future – and he went through topics such as chemistry, physics, cosmology, etc showing how we will have new perceptions in a few decades time.

His interest is to create a kind of super think tank of high flying technocrats and specialist nerds (eg recruited from NASA) who can think laterally, take account of secret UFO data and strive to break the rules. He spoke about fantastic new propulsion systems and how he aimed to let everyone have their own UFO before too long. No doubt in any colour so long as its invisible to cameras.

Now this is fascinating, almost laudable and he has the money to at least give it a shot. But it isnt ufology. I cannot really see this new force he is creating inviting the chairman of the Piddletown UFO Society to its board meetings. Nor does the recording of the 7.45 Adamski spaceship from Zeta Reticulii seen passing over Clapham Common hold much interest to Firmage. Although few delegates were asking themselves this question, one perceptive reporter asked him at the press conference and Firmage’s answer should have sent a chill down the spine of the UFO leaders he has courted.

Will you fund UFO groups, he was asked? Well, said Joe, I don’t regard it as important to try to prove the existence or nature of UFOs. Its been done. I personally don’t need convincing. In other words, what he was really suggesting was (to loosely paraphrase and apologies for anything I misunderstood) – good work chaps, you’ve kept the UFO pot boiling whilst I grew up, made my zillions and discovered the science and technology potential of ufology. You can now take it easy because the day of the UFO spotter is over and the day of the UFO technocrat is here.

Some of this he did say, some he did not and is inference on my part. But the problem is that many ufologists may not realise that their hero is really speaking a different language and heading in a direction that for now is parallel to their own but fairly soon might not be. Once scientists he works with tire of the weirdos hanging on his coat tails and the madcap funfilled world of UFO ideology that wants a bite of his cherry pie will it be a case of – them or us, Joe? And if so who will he choose?
Once Joe realises that much of ufology is a desert of tiny shoots with specks of hard evidence and good theory swamped by the endless sands of inanity will he really need to be attached?

Perhaps so. Maybe he has genuine affection and will support the folk who got him where he is. Possibly he will fund some good research and bankroll UFO projects. If so, good on him. But I do not really see that as his priority. The hunt has already started. I left Richard Hall looking glum that Joe had been a ‘no show’, as Richard put it, at a planned discussion about funding his giant casebook venture. Hall’s book (‘The UFO Evidence Part 2′ – a sequel to his NICAP epic 36 years ago – thats even pre-Magonia and myself!) is worthy and should be released. Conventional publishers have (shamefully but unsurprisingly) forsaken it to print the sea of bilge that gets onto the bookshelves these days instead.

If Firmage has an eye for good PR he may see the value of funding this project, but to be honest I don’t perceive that as being his raison d’etre. I think he has a rather different agenda in mind. On the internet, in a discussion posting, I likened the hero worship to turkeys voting for Christmas, which to a degree it is. If Firmage does what he wants to do ufology will stagnate. He’ll get his military chums to reveal all and there wont be any need for groups to fight government secrecy. Or he’ll prove his case by using back engineering to build amazing technology that could only have come from the stars. He’ll attract so much media attention that the UFO writers and leaders wont get as much of a look in and will have to retire or find another job. And if his technology think tank builds a UFO for your garage who the heck is going to care about the latest pink light seen over the local park as recorded by the neighbourhood spacewatch group?

Of course, chances are that not very much – if any – of this will happen as Firmage no doubt quite sincerely expects that it will. To him its all new. Many of us have been there, bought the T shirt and long since torn it up for use as a cheap duster. His sources will probably never tell all. His support for ufology may by necessity prove short term. His think tank could make a few interesting discoveries or small scale breakthroughs but will not change the world and might figure out it stands a better chance of real funding and being taken seriously if it doesnt saddle up to the silly sausages that believe reptile aliens are lurking in the woods waiting to kidnap nubile young women.
Or, of course, we may just have witnessed the beginning of the end of the old world and the start of the birth of a new one. Perhaps dear old Nostradamus was right about the seventh month of l999 and for ufologists a ‘great king of frightfulness has come down from the sky’ (or soon will do when Sky TV devote their inevitable one hour special to his ideas). But I doubt many of you will be breathless in anticipation of the old order fading forever. Which is not to say it will not be fun watching as the show unfolds.

Whats that I hear? Faint murmurs starting about how Joe Firmage is a government plant? Utter tosh, of course. But then don’t the UFO big wigs have to think of some reason why ‘The Unexplained World of Strange Things’ doesn’t call quite so often to set up that TV interview because you are ‘the worlds greatest UFO expert’ and why your latest book about ‘Alien Clones I have Met’ didn’t earn its £100,000 advance and your agent is now talking to some scientist who makes the tea in the Firmage think tank because he has seen the plans for the Mark One All American Flying Saucer.

What else can the reason be for your ousting from the limelight but some dastardly plot. It cannot possibly be because Joe Firmage is (for now) an interesting, new story and you are a tired old media has been. And even if so that realisation would never cloud your judgement enough to think nasty things about a serious rival just because of jealousy.

In ufology? Nah. Course not.


Abduction Watch #18


Number 18, February 1999


Don Worley – covering-up abuse


If you think back to AW 16/17, you’ll remember that I took some time to look at the abduction beliefs of the much-published – especially by Gordon Creighton at Flying Saucer Review – US researcher Don Worley, and particularly at his claims concerning one “Reverend David Adams”, and the alleged physical contacts between Adams, his religious group, and the sexually predatory – and violent – alien beings Worley describes as ‘Nordics’. I quoted some of Worley’s assertions regarding “Adams” . . .

“This brilliant, exceptional pastor possesses a number of University degrees, including those in Philosophy and Medicine, and has had many years of successful leadership experience. He carries the title “Most High” in his own religious Order . . his religious group, which numbers in the hundreds of thousands in Canada and the northern European countries, are entirely familiar with the type of alien whom we call the “Nordic” or “the Blond” . . ”

One intelligent commentator suggested similarities with some elements of the Raelian Movement (that is an anagram of ‘Ra’ and ‘alien’, isn’t it?), but I’m not aware of any evidence that their activities include the sexual exploitation of young people. On the other hand nobody, including a couple of the UK cult research groups, came up with any alternative suggestions, though the claims are still being checked. Mind you, another letter from Worley made clear that checking his work is made as difficult as possible, and poses the following . . .

Q. What do you call a man who withholds evidence of the systematic sexual abuse of young people from the Police because he’s afraid of aliens?

A. Don Worley

This is, with only brief and insignificant editing, Worley’s response to my questions. I’ve corrected some quirks of spelling:

“Dear Kevin

I have contemplated your letter and very biased and ignorant arm chair style opinions of me and the ‘abduction world’ in general. Just as I thought you have little or no experience on the scene or you being an apparent normal intelligent person would know better. As I said you certainly have a right to your opinion and the questions you have asked. Casting aside your underlying belligerent approach I will try to relieve some of your ignorance about the down to earth facts of the abduction world.

. . . you print “Don Worley – Talking Dirty”. I suppose you have said this because I have had to touch on such morally repugnant things as all kinds of female violations by the aliens, groups of young boys who had their sperm taken, a reverend who has known total intimacy with his alien keepers etc. Please believe me I and all researchers wish all this were not going on at all. But it is and if an investigator is worth his salt he has to stick to the truth no matter how distasteful.

Further down the page you criticise me for sending my data (only to other willing exchanging researchers – not abductees or anyone else) out. With abductees I send only my questionnaire to determine if they may really be abductees. You believe I am a deterrent to those in need in that to you my approach in articles is brutally factual and I must be putting further fear and confusion into the minds of those I seek to help. It would take too much space to explain how I handle abductees but my approach is to be truthful yet bring forth all the positive factors possible. I am sure I sent you several personal pages from certain abductees telling how much they appreciated my valuable help. My work is with the isolated, bewildered often fearful abductee. I am most grateful to those who guide me for allowing me to do this wonderful, noble, effort in my brief journey in this existence.

In paragraph 7 page 3 in your confusion you have misinterpreted my urging the distraught abductee to make a phone call to me if they are contemplating suicide. Surely you must know I am addressing the victim at home not off in a spaceship demanding to make a call to me. Come on Kevin let’s really be serious now.

Now to the matter of the Reverend David Adams and all the other anonymous names I am forced to use in my articles representing the actual participants. It is the fault of all the would-be prejudiced, emotional persons such as you Kevin who would institute their certain harassment of the already disturbed abductee. The abductee knows this can often happen and the researcher knows it only too well so there is a bond of trust on what can be revealed. So in effect critics such as you ruin this total free flow of information.

It is for this vital reason that I am prevented from answering any of your questions that you listed on pages 8 and 9. In your 11th question (re reporting the sexual abuse of young people to the Police) you amply demonstrate what would happen should you know the real name and address of the reverend. You would mistakenly set the police or child protection agencies on him. You are guilty of idiotic false assumptions again that I see in much of your thinking. Need I tell you that no one controls the aliens. Certainly not the reverend – he is only a helpless observer in any of the incidents I mentioned. In the last incident mentioned he was not even present with the youth group.

Regarding the qualifications and truthfulness of the claims of the reverend – I deemed this case so important that I devoted much of three summer months to his case. I amassed a large file on him and citing my 33 years experience I will firmly state that what the reverend has revealed is the bold truth no matter how unprecedented it is. The very busy reverend positively has no other motive for seeking my expertise and help with his problems and enlightenment began once he had contacted me. It certainly was not spending all that time and expense and effort just to feed me tall, fantastic tales. No, the reverend wanted to try to understand and secondly he sought a source where his amazing situation would be listened to, evaluated and recorded for posterity. The powerful persons who controlled the reverend gave him the go ahead once he had started with me and I met their approval. The reverend was not the ultimate leader of the large group mentioned in my writings.

Well, there is a lot more I’d like to go into but will end this with this observation. I thank you Kevin for your thorough layout of your position using my letter and excerpts of my articles. I have not appreciated your put down and belittling of my long time friends such as Gordon Creighton and others. I have enclosed a very good article by another old friend Eddie Bullard PhD of Indiana University and some convincing pages from a few abductees. I still have the faint hope that somehow you might begin to awaken. Awaken from your present gullible state of trying to explain away the huge body of alien activity and have now probably reached the great time change that Jacobs and Bullard cite.

PPS Just got a call from old Gordon in England. He called to tell me not to be in anyway involved with you. You are a well known trouble maker over there.”

So, in much the same way that Tony Dodd operates in the UK, those who whinge most about government secrecy are themselves the most secretive. Worley makes sure that his claims can’t be verified or investigated by, well, not telling the truth, but not admitting to that until challenged. It may be – who can tell – that none of this has any reality outside of Worley’s fantasy world, in which he sees himself as something like ‘Abduction Man’, protector of the weak and confused, the key person to phone if you’re thinking of suicide, the man approved of by the “powerful persons who controlled the reverend”. It may be that all of this is some sort of grim folie a deux between Worley and ‘Adams’. But it does, now, seem more likely that Worley genuinely has evidence of repeated, systematic sexual abuse, which both he and its victims have been deliberately led to believe is caused by aliens, when it is not. Hopefully unwittingly, Worley has become not only an apologist for abusers, but his alleged “33 years experience” may be part of the deceit. If what he says about his three months spent on this group is true, then it is quite likely that he has been used to help persuade the victims of this abuse that their abusers are aliens. It seems that Worley is the sort of person some people trust, and that the victims of this abuse have been encouraged to trust in his crazed pronouncements on alien powers and sexual preferences, thus protecting the real abusers.

Worley’s postal address is 1051 Beech Street, Connersville, IN 47331, USA. I presume that he must, there, have local Police and child protection agencies who I guess would be the first line of contact for somebody to challenge his decision to prevent those agencies from investigating the abuse that Worley asserts occurs within this ‘religion’. I have no doubt that there are also local and regional newspapers who would be interested. Maybe, in view of America’s obsession with aliens, the national media could be involved, too. I’d be very grateful if any US reader could suggest some names and addresses for contacts in the Police, child protection agencies and the media, to test Worley’s claims and, if they are true, to end the violence and abuse Worley has decided should continue.

Malcolm Robinson


A confusing month for me. Robinson has – by the usual essentially undemocratic process – joined BUFORA Council: there are times when BUFORA’s internal arrangements make the Rotten Boroughs system seem fair and open. Apparently, Robinson had to be on Council to becomes the organiser of the London lectures, which I suspect was more habit than necessity, but I am pleased to see him, quite publicly, state that he no longer values hypnotic regression as an investigative technique, and will not use it or facilitate its use in any investigation he is involved in. I guess this proves that there are better people to spend your time with than Billy Devlin.

I do, however, have substantial qualms. Robinson has made it clear that, in organising the lectures, he will be happy to put on hypnosis proponents such as Mack, Hopkins and Carpenter. He mutters about the same issues of censorship that were applied to him, and makes avoiding giving these people a platform sound like something repressive and morally wrong. It’s an easy argument to make, and to justify choosing only speakers who can verify their cases, and who care for the welfare of ‘abductees’ is undoubtedly much harder. Yet I suggest that much more thought should be put into this, before the Santilli and Sims disasters occur again. How many more times can BUFORA take an active, high-profile role in publicising claims clearly founded somewhere between greed and delusion, and still retain any credibility at all?

Let’s bring this issue right home to Robinson himself. He has, through his forceful recommendation of the use of hypnosis in the A70 case, and his fierce support for the reliability of the ‘memories’ so produced, created, Frankenstein-like, his own abductee. Thanks to Robinson’s beliefs and choices of action, a man believes he was abducted by alien beings when he almost certainly wasn’t, and goes round persuading others of the reality of the abduction experience, becoming involved in the ‘Fife’ case among others. From Malcolm’s own account, it seems that the use of hypnosis in that case has changed a man’s life, and not for the better.

Hopkins, Mack, Jacobs, Carpenter, Boylan, Smith, Dodd, Harris and many others have, essentially, done the same. That they may have done so without malice or ill-intent really doesn’t matter. All bear considerable responsibilities, and in Malcolm’s case his responsibility is to try to undo what he has done, and attempt to dismantle the delusion which he has helped create in the A70 witness and others. This could be one of the vital developments in the history of the abduction mythos, and it will be interesting to see how Robinson – and the witness – deal with it.

In the meantime, I suggest that BUFORA leads a serious debate on this most important issue, and then asks its membership – and not by phone – what its public meetings should convey, and what they should not. In my view, BUFORA should not collude in misleading and deceiving anybody at all into believing that they’ve been abducted, or have suffered any of the sick and twisted obscenities that go with that belief. For the time being, at least, I’ll hang on in BUFORA to try and make it so. Anyway, Robinson’s asked me to be a speaker, and I’d just love to tell the Don Worley story on a BUFORA platform!

Roger Leir – Intergalactic Chiropodist

An interesting piece on the Net from John Shirley, who I’ve heard of but can’t quite place. After reading some of the Sims/Leir ‘implant removal’ junk, he commented on an e-mail list about the lack of any real evidence on the Sims website and:

“got a reply from a Dr Lier (or Leir, I don’t care enough about the guy to look it up just now), telling me to shut up as I wasn’t “knowledgeable” in that area. This fellow, I believe, is a podiatrist who found the above implant (or other implants) in someone’s foot and then joined Derrel Sims’ Circus of Implants. I replied that I was thinking of writing about it and if he would like to give me evidence that would contradict my current views, why, I’d publish that evidence. I also asked him if he’d heard of Derrel Sims’ checkered past. The Foot Doctor replied IN FONT LIKE THIS THROUGH THE WHOLE EMAIL that I was obviously not a scientist, not party to the information he had, that I was reacting to rumors and surface information found on the unreliable Internet (I agree about the Internet’s unreliability) and that the real evidence was not being made available to the public so I should, in effect, shut up and go away. So, he claims to have evidence confirming alien implants but won’t give it to us . . And he was going to forward my libellous e-mail, in which I repeated mere gossip, to Sims. And he didn’t want to get any more e-mail from me. I sent him email immediately saying that it wasn’t gossip, there is documentation for his having tried to sell “learn to be a black belt in karate in one hour” snake oil. I of course haven’t heard from the Foot Doctor again.”

If anyone has an address for John Shirley, please let me know and I’ll send him some back issues.

A Consultant Anaesthetist on the Sims/Leir Implant reports

Thanks to the good offices of ASKE and Dr Michael Heap of the University of Sheffield, a consultant anaesthetist collated some professional comments to add to those published in AW15. Many thanks to all those who contributed.

“Re Surgical removal of alien implants

It is a little while since you sent me the photocopy of Dr Leir’s article on surgical removal of ‘alien implants’, so my apologies for not replying earlier. I have spoken to a number of my surgical and medical colleagues in the Derby hospitals, both senior and trainee doctors. None of them have heard of such reports in any of the reputable medical and surgical literature. Not only that, but they have never even heard of such proceedings taking place and having been reported in other journals either, and so they were quite surprised when I showed them the article which you had sent me.

The common thing about foreign bodies, which is the usual term in medical practice for environmental material finding its way inside the human body, is that they are generally found either in hands or feet. This is not surprising as people stand on all sorts of things and also use their hands most of the time, at work, to feed themselves or to help with climbing, etc. Sometimes they can find their way inside the eye, particularly high velocity foreign bodies such as small shards of metal from lathes and other pieces of machinery. The foreign bodies that are described in Dr Leir’s article appear to be of material that is commonly found on the planet earth. He does not state in his article what the definitive analysis of these foreign bodies is as a result of an analysis made by the Institute that he submitted them to. I am not clear as to the professional standing of the Institute that the samples were submitted to either.

I think the point that the elemental composition of the objects was able to be described contains nothing that is not found on earth is useful information. The fact that the small samples could not be definitively described as and said to be this or that is no reason for saying that they are from another world.

In summary, I read the article as saying that some individuals in America have had foreign bodies removed from usual places, ie hand and foot, and that the composition of these when analysed reveals them to have an earthly elemental composition. I would refute the comments in Dr Leir’s last paragraph that the objects seemed to be structured and served a purpose. The fact that they have not been identified does not substantiate his statement and his comments in the final paragraph about a theory of the devices being transponders is certainly dubious and, if I were an alien, I could certainly think of more satisfactory and safe places than to put them into someone’s feet or hand where they are likely to become damaged and of little benefit to me anyway. ”

We should, by now, have done quite enough to show that Leir’s claims for the reality of alien implants are absurd, and devoid of satisfactory verification. He has a book out, or on the way, setting out his beliefs and convictions, and I’ll try to circulate that, too. Yet even then, it will be difficult to communicate this to the believers. The MUFON UFO JOURNAL in particular has become little more than a mouthpiece for the ramblings of Leir and Eve Frances Lorgen – more of her ‘Alien Love Bite’ material, and the increasingly oppressive nature of her pronouncements next issue (if anyone knows where her much-vaunted “M.A. in Counselling Psychology” comes from, that could well be helpful).

We are, I think, in a new age of superstition. Not unlike Glen Hoddle’s belief in disability being a consequence of bad Karma, irrational belief becomes increasingly acceptable among – perhaps particularly among – reasonably educated people. It is a time of easy explanations, quick solutions, and junk science, and in ufology the easy, quick and junk have all been typified by the use of hypnosis. Even more primitive, stupid and unscientific is the ‘animal mutilation’ argument – because Cayton, Howe and a good many others haven’t worked out that if they advertise giving specific parameters for unpleasantly damaged animal carcasses, then that’s precisely what they’ll be given, they presume the mutilations must have been caused by aliens. This level of scientific thinking makes witchfinding look rational.

Kevin McClure retains the copyright of all material published in AW, but if any responsible magazine or e-zine would like to reprint anything, I’m likely to agree if you ask in writing. Thanks.